Prefurred

Small Dog Breeds – 57 Breeds You Need to know

All dogs tend to grow up, but the small dog breeds will certainly stay puppy-sized forever. Small dog breeds are popular for several reasons. First, they’re considered “portable,” meaning they can fit in little carriers to accompany their owners on trips. Many also do well in homes and apartments with limited space. Small dog breeds can even be cheaper than big dogs because they typically have lower food and medication costs. These tiny dogs are faithful companions with warm hearts and loving nature with adults and children alike. They live longer than their larger counterparts. But with all of the small dog breeds available, finding your ideal pet can be difficult, especially if you don’t know where to start. So, here’s the list of small dog breeds to look out for: 

  1. Chihuahua 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 5 to 8 Inches 
  • Weight – Max 6 pounds 
  • Lifespan – 14 to 16 years 
  • Coat – Short/Long
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – High 
  • Color – Black, white, fawn, chocolate, gray, and silver as well as tricolor (chocolate, black, or blue with tan and white, for instance 
  • Activities – Compact, loyal, confident, charm, big-boy attitude 
  • Group – Toy group 

Chihuahuas are one of the world’s tiniest dogs and are often seen taken around in carriers. While loyal and lovable, chihuahuas are also highly active with major “tough dog” attitudes. These dogs rule the roost of any space they are in, but they still need sufficient training like any other dog despite their size. Chihuahuas are ideal city pets. Most of the Chihuahuas bond closely with their favorite humans but are cautious of anyone else. Breed trademarks include big eyes and a round or apple-shaped head. The Chihuahua comes in two different varieties: smooth coat and long coat. Both types are medium shedders, with heavier shedding twice per year and minimal shedding during the rest of the year. Most of the Chihuahuas are healthy little dogs, but some genetic issues can affect the breed. It would be best if you choose your dog from a breeder who routinely does genetic health screenings on all breeding stock to ensure that the pups they produce are as genetically healthy as possible. Some of the Chihuahua health issues include inherent heart problems (patent ductus arteriosus, mitral valve disease), eye disease, and patellar luxation (loose kneecaps). Idiopathic epilepsy is also known to occur in Chihuahuas. 

  1. Shih Tzu 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 9 to 10.5 inches 
  • Weight – 9 to 16 pounds 
  • Lifespan – 10 to 18 years 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Color – Black, white, blue, brindle, gold, liver, red and silver 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience, Rally 
  • Group – Toy group 

The Shih Tzu (or more appropriately, Shih Tzu Kou) means Lion Dog, designating the breed as one of China’s most esteemed animals because of its association with Buddhism. Even though the Shih Tzu is most often associated with China, they probably originated in Tibet as early as the seventeenth century, enjoying status as a holy dog. These dogs have long, silky hair, though many keepers trim the coat short for easier maintenance. They tend to be reasonably hardy with an alert, confident disposition. They don’t need too much exercise, making them perfect for someone with a busy work schedule. The Shih Tzu’s long, soft coat does not shed but requires daily brushing and baths every three to four weeks. If you don’t choose to keep their coat long, they also look charming in the famous “puppy cut,” which is easier to maintain. Although the Shih Tzu is a very healthy toy dog, they are sensitive to health issues, including hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, and eye disease. Corneal dryness and inflammation can happen as a result of improperly closing eyelids. Cataracts, juvenile cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, and retinal detachment can also occur. 

  1. Beagle 
  • Size – Small to medium 
  • Height – 13 to 15 inches tall 
  • Weight – 18 to 35 pounds 
  • Lifespan – 10 to 15 years 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Color – Tri-color (black, tan and white), and combinations of black, tan, red, white, brown, lemon, blue and red tick 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Field Trials, Hunting Tests, Obedience, Rally 
  • Group – Hound group 

Beagles are excellent hunting dogs, loyal companions, curious, making them great family dogs. Since they were bred to hunt in gangs, they enjoy the company of many other dogs and people. Their big brown eyes and long, hound-like ears make them one of the most adorable family dogs. They always need a companion, be it a human or dog. Else can lead your pup to restlessness and destruction. There are two varieties of Beagles, 13 inches and 15 inches. Beagles are scent hounds used principally for hunting rabbits to larger hares. Although active, your Beagle’s exercise needs will depend on their age and health. Over time, you’ll get to know your dog and whether they prefer lots of exercises or resting on the couch. They are known as escape artists, so watch them outside. When on walks, it’s essential to keep him on a leash, as his instincts are to run off and track if he catches a compelling scent. The Beagle’s smooth, dense double coat gets heavier during the winter and sheds in the summer. They also shed moderately throughout the year. Responsible breeders screen the Beagle breed for conditions like hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, luxating patella, and eye disorders. 

  1. Dachshund 

Size – Small 

Height – Standard: 8 to 9 inches; Miniature: 5 to 6 inches 

Weight – Standard: 16 to 32 pounds; Miniature: Up to 11 pounds 

Coat – Short/Long 

Lifespan – 12 to 16 years 

Hypo-Allergenic – No 

Color – Red, black and tan, tan, chocolate, black, cream, wild boar, wheaten, chocolate and cream, chocolate and tan, blue and tan and fawn and tan. 

Energy – Medium 

Activities – Agility, Field Trials, Obedience, Conformation, Tracking 

Group – Toy group 

The Dachshund has a bold personality in a small body, usually independent, brave, and a little stubborn, making it challenging to train. Dachshunds are often hilarious companions. These playful little dogs are loyal and attached to their families. They love accompanying other pets, especially other Dachshunds, and make ideal house dogs. Additionally, they need daily walks and playtime, as loneliness and boredom can bring out undesirable behaviors like excessive barking. Dachshunds are very smart but are also independent and often headstrong, so they can be challenging to train. The Dachshund is available in three different varieties indicated by coat type: smooth-coated, long-haired, and wirehaired. Overall, Dachshunds are considered minimal shedders. However, long-haired Dachshunds may require regular brushing. Generally, a healthy breed, the Dachshund is expected to live longer with proper care, as long as he’s given a good diet and has enough exercise to maintain the right muscle tone. To prevent disc damage to the Dachshund’s long back, be careful about keeping him from becoming overweight, and always monitor his movements to avoid back injury. Like most dogs with drop ears, Dachshunds can get ear infections if their ears aren’t kept neat. 

  1. Pomeranians 

Size – Small 

Height – 7 to 12 inches 

Weight – 3 to 7 pounds 

Lifespan – 12 to 16 years 

Colors – Combinations of beaver, black, blue, blue merle, chocolate, cream, orange, red and white. It’s most commonly seen in orange or red. 

Coat – Long 

Hypo-Allergenic – No 

Energy – Low 

Activities – Obedience, Rally Obedience 

Group – Toy group 

The Pomeranian combines a small body and a commanding big-dog behavior. Sharp and intelligent, Pomeranians are easily trained and make excellent watchdogs and active pets for families with children old enough to know the difference between a toy dog and a toy. Their skill, coupled with their energy, makes them great for activities like agility, rally, and obedience. They also make excellent therapy dogs. Poms are playful and can be exercised with indoor play and short walks, so they are comfortable in both the city and suburbs. They learn tricks and games with ease, though their favorite activity is providing laughs and companionship to their special human. The Pomeranian’s double coat is one of his most distinctive features. Regular brushing is necessary to maintain the beautiful coat. Brush through the dog with a pin brush down to the skin once a week to keep the hair from matting. Pomeranians are generally healthy but watch for signs of the luxating patella (kneecaps that slip out of place), hypothyroidism, collapsing tracheas, congestive heart failure, seizure, and alopecia X. 

  1. Maltese 

Size – Small 

Height – 7 to 9 inches 

Weight – 4 to 6 pounds 

Coat – Long 

Energy – High 

Hypo-Allergenic – No 

Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 

Colors – The standard Maltese color is white. Most dogs will have black points (eyes and nose), which are also considered standard by the American Kennel Club (AKC). 

Activities – Conformation, Obedience, Agility 

Group – Toy group 

The Maltese are the most ancient of the European toy breeds and among the oldest breeds. Maltese are affectionate toy dogs covered by a long, straight, silky coat. It has a small body moving with a smooth and effortless movement. The overall picture represents free-flowing elegance and balance. The irresistible Maltese face with its big, dark eyes and black gumdrop nose can win the most jaded sensibility. Despite their proud attitude, Maltese are hardy and flexible pets. They make alert watchdogs who are brave in a beautiful toy-dog way, and they are little game athletes on the activity side. Sometimes stubborn and willful, they respond well to rewards-based training. Maltese are low-shedding, long-lived, and delighted to make new friends of all ages. The long, white coat of the Maltese is eye-catching and glorious. It requires daily gentle brushing and combing to the skin to prevent mats and tangles. Maltese should also have regular baths and coat conditioning to keep their hair looking its best. The Maltese is a healthy breed with few health issues and will usually live well into the double digits. Responsible breeders screen their stock for health conditions such as luxating patella and heart anomalies such as Patent Ductus Arteriosus. 

  1. SHIBA INU 

Size – Small 

Height – 13.5 to 16.5 inches 

Weight – 17 to 23 pounds 

Coat – Short 

Energy – Medium 

Hypo-Allergenic – No 

Lifespan – 13 to 16 years 

Colors – Black and tan, cream, red and red sesame colored often have white markings 

Activities – Conformation, Agility, Hunting, Tracking  

Group – Non-Sporting group 

Shiba Inu is a bold, independent, confident dog, bred as hunters who excel as watchdog and friend. Shiba Inu’s catches your attention with its prick ears, curled tail, and stunning soft coat. They are a loyal and compassionate breed that outshines as a companion. They are energetic and love to go on walks. This breed is not overly hyper or destructive but still enjoys daily exercise. Don’t trust a Shiba Inu, which is no longer in control unless in a confined area because they are curious hunters who aren’t likely to stay. These dogs are quickly housebroken, which is a big plus for their families. Shiba Inus shed a lot. Brushing, combing, or even blowing the dog with a blow dryer can remove loose hair and reduce the amount of hair shed around your house. This small dog is adaptable and enjoys life in the city or country. The most common health complications in Shibas and most breeds and humans is allergies. In dogs, allergies expose themselves to skin irritation and itching. Allergies usually don’t show themselves until a dog is at least six months old. Responsible breeders screen their stock for health issues such as hip dysplasia, eye disorders, and patella luxation. 

  1. Affenpinscher 

Size – Small 

Height – 9 to 11.5 inches tall 

Weight – 7 to 10 pounds 

Coat – Short 

Energy – Medium 

Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 

Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 

Colors – Black, gray, silver, red, black and tan, and beige. 

Activities – Conformation, Obedience, Agility, Barn Hunt 

Group – Toy group 

The Affenpinscher is a loyal, curious, and famously amusing ancient breed which almost looks like a human toy dog and is fearless out of all proportion to his size. They are funny, intelligent, and courageous to make an excellent watchdog, but socialization with people and other animals is critical. They are also called monkey dogs and ape terriers. Affenpinschers are generally not recommended for houses with small children as it is not a breed that is naturally inclined to like children. The Affenpinscher is faithful to his adult family members and makes a great companion for a family with older children. Like most dog breeds, Affens shed seasonally. They have a dense, wiry, medium-length coat. The wiry coat is considered hypoallergenic, so that the Affenpinscher could be a perfect companion for both people with and without allergies. Affenpinschers are generally healthy, and reliable breeders will screen their stock for health conditions such as luxating patella, heart anomalies, hip dysplasia, and vision problems. Like other shorter-faced breeds, Affens can struggle due to respiratory problems during hot weather if they are permitted to overheat and have difficulty breathing to lower their body temperature, as dogs don’t sweat to keep cool. 

  1. Boston Terrier 

Size – Small 

Height – 15 to 17 inches tall 

Weight – 15 to 25 pounds 

Coat – Short 

Energy – Medium 

Hypo-Allergenic – No 

Lifespan – 10 to 14 years 

Colors – Combination of black and white, but their coats can also be brindle or seal with white markings. 

Activities – Obedience, Conformation, Agility, Therapy 

Group – Non-Sporting group 

The Boston Terrier is friendly, bright, entertaining, and is a well-mannered breed known as “The American Gentleman.” They are a loving companion who enjoys being close to their family. The Boston Terrier makes a great metropolitan pet, being healthy, portable, and people-oriented. While Boston Terriers typically are quiet, gentle dogs, not prone to short barks or aggression, males can be aggressive around other dogs that they feel are invading their area. Some Boston Terriers like to run and play, while others are fine with daily brisk walks. When training, remember Boston Terriers are pretty sensitive, so concentrate on giving praise and gentle correction. These Boston Terriers are feisty little dogs that can get frustrated and bored when left alone for too long. They prefer playing a game of fetch with their favorite human. Some enjoy canine sports like agility, obedience, rally, and flyball. The Boston Terrier’s silky, fine coat sheds minimally and requires only minimal care. So, an occasional brushing to remove dead hair is sufficient. The Boston Terrier’s eyes can cause breed problems, so check them daily for inflammation or redness. They are also prone to experience patellar luxation and, like other flat-faced breeds, can have a tough time breathing in excessive heat or humidity. 

  1. Australian Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – 10 to 11 inches at the withers, Females – 9 to 10 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 14 to 16 pounds, Females – 11 to 14 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Color – Blue-and-tan, solid sandy or solid red 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Colors – Sand, Blue & Tan, Red 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Australian Terrier is an active, alert, and self-confident dog bred in Australia to control the vermin population and guard livestock. Friendly and affectionate with a strong sense of devotion, the Australian Terrier is an excellent family dog. The Aussie’s personality is active and lively. If you prefer a dog with a quiet and calm nature, look at other breeds first. This small, powerful breed can live comfortably in the city, country, or suburbs. Australian Terrier is an active breed that needs a moderate daily walk, a high-spirited game, or an off-lead run in a safe area. His waterproof coat sheds little and is easy to maintain. The long hairs that grow in front of and between the eyes can irritate the eyes if left unchecked. A quick brushing once a week is usually enough to keep it in fine shape. Australian Terriers are generally healthy, but they’re prone to certain diseases and conditions like all breeds of dogs. Australian Terriers’ health conditions prone to Patellar luxation, Legg-Perthes, Diabetes mellitus, and specific allergies like food allergies, contact allergies, and inhalant allergies. 

  1. Brussels Griffon 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 7 to 8 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 8 to 12 pounds, Females – 6 to 10 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Color – Red, beige, black or black-and-tan 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Obedience 
  • Group – Toy group  

Brussels Griffons are energetic, intelligent, and sensitive and do not like to spend alone for a longer time. They are excellent watchdogs, with personality and loyalty that makes them a charming companion for adults. Their relatively human faces distinguish Brussels Griffons with their large eyes, short muzzles, and scruffy beards and mustaches look like comically serious little men. The Brussels Griffon can live conveniently in an apartment but still needs daily walks. Brussels Griffons have either rough or smooth coats. Griffons are sensitive dogs, and when treated harshly, they may become fear biters, like dogs who bite out of fear rather than aggression. Smooth-coated Griffons shed seasonally, usually for a week or two in spring and fall, and brushed daily during these times. An occasional bath will keep smooth-coated Griffons well-groomed. Griffs are generally healthy pups, and responsible breeders screen their stock for health conditions such as heart problems, eye defects such as cataracts, and orthopedic problems like patella luxation and hip dysplasia. Like all flat-faced breeds, Brussels Griffons can experience respiratory problems in sunny, hot, or humid weather and usually snore. As with all breeds, regularly check Brussel Griffon’s ears for signs of infection, and brush their teeth often, using a toothpaste designed for dogs. 

  1. Cairn Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – 10 inches at the withers, Females – 9.5 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 14 pounds, Females – 13 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium-long 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 15 years 
  • Color – Any color except white 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Hunting, Earthdog Trials, Tracking, Agility, Obedience, Conformation 
  • Group – Terrier group 

Cairn Terrier is an active little dog bred to root small animals, such as foxes, rats, and otter, from their lairs. The Cairn Terrier is known for its tenacity. A quick learner, the Cairn naturally likes to dig and chase small animals. This Terrier has a tiny body and broad head with a bushy topknot and eyebrows. The Cairn is a Terrier, which means his instincts are to bark, dig, and chase, which can be minimized with training, but can’t be eliminated. Cairns are small enough for a lap-top snuggle and sturdy enough for a good sport on the lawn. They do best with close family contact. If you don’t enjoy the typical terrier temperament, you should consider another breed. Their head is shorter and broader than any other terrier, giving them enough jaw strength. His shaggy, medium-long coat needs weekly brushing and some trimming or stripping, as well as monthly bathing. Cairn Terriers are generally healthy, and responsible breeders test their stock for health complications and communicate with other dedicated breeders regularly, working together to breed health and preserve the breed’s unique qualities. 

  1. French Bulldog 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 11 to 13 inches 
  • Weight – Up to 28 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 10 to 12 years 
  • Colors – Available in a variety of colors, including combinations of brindle, cream, fawn and white. 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Conformation 
  • Group – Non-Sporting group

French Bulldogs are a bright, loving, and charming breed. They don’t bark much but are alert enough to make an excellent watchdog. The French Bulldog loves spreading fun by entertaining their family, as well as cuddling and sleeping with their favorite person. They are kind, sweet, companionable, and willing to please. They usually do well with other animals and love to make friends. Their adaptability and activity level makes them ideal for apartment living. The bright, affectionate Frenchie is a charmer. Frenchies don’t bark much, but their attentiveness makes them excellent watchdogs. They happily adjust to life with singles, couples, or families and do not require outdoor exercises. French Bulldogs have short coats that don’t shed much. Weekly brushing with a medium-bristle brush or a hound glove will help remove dead hair. Frenchies are prone to breathing problems and don’t do well in hot or humid weather. Frenchies hardly show eye problems such as cherry eye, juvenile cataracts, or entropion, and skin allergies and autoimmune skin disorders also are known to occur. 

  1. Border Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – 13 to 16 inches at the withers & Females – 11 to 14 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 13 to 15.5 lbs. & Females – 11.5 to 14 lbs. 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – Red, grizzle-and-tan, blue-and-tan, or wheaten 
  • Energy – High 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Tracking 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Border Terrier is a determined worker with great agility and strength. In the 18th century, farmers bred Border Terriers to guard farm stock along with Scotland and England’s Border. An admirable hunter, quick learner and responds well to obedience training that makes a good-tempered, affectionate family companion. Early socialization and puppy training classes are mandatory for Border Terriers. The Border Terrier is an active dog that does best with a job and when well-exercised. Borders tend to get along with other canines, but their hunting abilities can be excited when cats or squirrels cross their path. The Border Terrier has a double coat with a hard, wiry external coat over a soft, fluffy undercoat. Like most double-coated breeds, the Border Terrier sheds occasionally. Mostly, a quick brushing every week or two is enough to keep the coat in good shape. The Border Terrier is generally a healthy dog breed. A responsible breeder will screen their stock for health problems such as hip dysplasia, juvenile cataracts, seizures, progressive retinal atrophy, heart problems, and allergies. Some Border Terriers seem less tolerant of hot weather, so outdoor exercise should be limited. 

  1. Pug 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 10 to 13 inches 
  • Weight – 14 to 18 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Energy – Low 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 15 years 
  • Color – Fawn color with a black face and ears 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Toy group 

The Pug’s motto, “multum in parvo,” a Latin phrase that translates to “a lot in a little,” rightly describes this small breed. Families mostly prefer pugs due to their even tempers, playful personalities, and friendly, loving character. Pugs are also familiar for their charming and naughty behavior. Their nature being sturdy and adaptable makes them a perfect dog for families with kids. Pugs are comfortable living in the city or countryside, aren’t picky with humans, and get along fine as an individual pet or part of a kennel. They fancy cuddling on the sofa, which, combined with their love of food, can lead to obesity. Pugs are spirited and lively, enjoying daily walks or moderate exercise to fight weight gain, though the breed is not tolerant of high temperatures. Pugs love to please their humans and are commonly easy to train, but they are a sensitive breed, so owners should wisely choose their training tactics. Pug owners say their breed is the perfect house pup. The Pug’s short, glossy, smooth coat needs minimal care, but it does shed. Weekly brushing with a brush or a hound glove will help remove the loose hair and help keep him looking his best. Pugs don’t need regular baths unless they happen to get into something incredibly untidy or start to get a doggy odor. The Pug’s charming eyes are also one of his trouble areas, as he may experience corneal ulcers and dry eye. Like many other flat-faced breeds, Pugs also are prone to breathing problems, especially in heat and humidity. 

  1. Bichon Frise 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 9.5 to 11.5 inches at the shoulders 
  • Weight – 12 to 18 lbs. 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 14 to 15 years 
  • Color – White and may have shadings of buff, cream or apricot around the ears or on the body 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Non-Sporting group 

Bichon Frise is a Gentle-mannered, sensitive, and affectionate breed that is an excellent family pet that enjoys the company of children and other canines. This playful breed possesses activity and requires regular exercise. They are easy to train and excited to perform for the people they love. The Bichon has large, dark eyes, a black nose, and lips nested in a curious round face, making them look more attractive. The Bichon is considered a moderately active dog. Long stretches of calm are filled with brief bursts of high activity, often just running through the residence or around the yard. Daily play sessions, along with walks, are necessary to keep them active. The Bichon Frise is a low-shedding breed because the hair gets caught in his undercoat and requires regular brushing to avoid mat formation. To restrict Bichon’s hair growth, grooming every four to six weeks is recommended. Bichon Frise is a healthy dog breed, and a responsible breeder will screen breeding stock for health conditions such as bladder infections, luxating patella, allergies, cataracts, and other eye diseases. Bichons may experience early tooth loss or gum infection complications if dental care and regular tooth brushing are not prioritized. 

  1. American Eskimo Dog 
  • Size – Small to Medium 
  • Height – Toy – 9 to 10 inches at the withers; Miniature – 12 to 15 inches at the withers; Standard, 15 to 19 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 6 to 40 pounds 
  • Coat – Fluffy, double coat 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 15 years 
  • Color – White or white with biscuit cream 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Obedience 
  • Group – Non-Sporting group 

The American Eskimo Dog blends striking good looks with a quick and brilliant mind calling it a beauty with a brain. Neither shy nor bold, Eskies are always sharp and friendly, though a bit conservative when making new friends. The breed comes in three size variants: Standard, Miniature, and Toy. Although intelligent, loving, and playful, the American Eskimo Dog can be suspicious of strangers. An active dog with lots of power, the Eskie is also agile and curious, requiring lots of activity and mental challenges. An Eskie who is abandoned or who doesn’t get enough exercise can become destructive. Nicknamed as “Eskie,” this breed has a heavy white coat that requires weekly brushing as they always shed. Thorough brushing twice or thrice a week will eliminate dead hairs before they can be shed, as well as prevent matting. The oil on an Eskie’s fur limits dirt from adhering, so a good brushing is usually enough to remove it. Eskie can be given occasional baths, but doing so more than once every few months can make his skin dry and irritated. A responsible breeder will test their breeding stock for health problems such as progressive retinal atrophy and hip dysplasia. 

  1. Basenji 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – at least 17 inches at the withers, Females – at least 15 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 22 to 26 lbs., Females – 20 to 24 lbs. 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 16 years 
  • Color – Chestnut red, black, tricolor, or brindle; all colors have white feet, chest and tall tip 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Agility, Field Trials, Hunting Tests, Conformation, Lure Coursing, Obedience 
  • Group – Hound group 

The Basenji is a compact, sweet-faced hunter of skill and balance. They are recognizable by their short coat, tightly curled tail, and wrinkled forehead, and almond-shaped eyes that communicate a variety of subtle, human-like emotions. This breed is an elegant, lightly built hunting dog originating from Africa. The Basenji is also known as the “Barkless Dog” due to his noise that sounds like a yodel when excited. His unique features are a wrinkled forehead and tightly curled tail. Though reserved around strangers, the Basenji is an affectionate, intelligent, and alert breed full of activity and play. The Basenji’s short, odor-free coat requires minimal grooming. Basenji is generally a healthy dog breed, and responsible breeders screen their stock for health complications such as hypothyroidism, a type of inflammatory bowel disease called IPSID, and hip dysplasia. Gene tests are available to identify Fanconi syndrome carriers, a kidney disorder, progressive retinal atrophy. Such tests help the breeders to plan breedings that will not produce those diseases. 

  1. Papillon 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – 8 to 11 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 5 to 12 lbs. 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 14 to 16 years 
  • Color – Multicolored or white with patches of black, lemon, red, sable, or black and tan 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Toy group 

The Papillon is a brilliant, long-living, devoted family companion. He also has one of the most impressive appearances, courtesy of those giant, plumed ears from which the breed derives its name. Their ears resemble butterfly wings, and “papillon” is French for “butterfly.” These are dogs that will love to learn skills and participate in games of fetch or hide-and-seek. But more than anything else, their soft, silky fur and tiny, intelligent, expressive eyes are the trademarks of this breed. The Papillon’s smooth, long hair requires less care. This breed sheds minimally but does not have an undercoat, so monthly grooming and a bath every few months are all he needs. Between the grooming period, running a comb or soft brush through the long hair around his legs and behind his ears will prevent mats formation. Papillons are tough and bold, but they are tiny. Owners need to be careful with Papillons, especially when they are puppies, around stairs, furniture, and other larger animals. A small kid can accidentally hurt his puppy friend very quickly. Responsible breeders screen for health problems such as a fontanel in the top of the skull, similar to a human baby’s soft spot; and patellar luxation, or kneecaps that can “slip” or dislocate, sometimes briefly, sometimes completely. 

  1. Poodles 
  • Size – Toy, Small/Medium or Large 
  • Height – Toy – 10 inches or less Miniature – 10 to 15 inches Standard – More than 15 inches 
  • Weight – Toy – 4 to 6 lbs. Miniature – 10 to 15 lbs. Standard – 40 to 70 lbs. 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 10 to 18 years 
  • Color – Solid blue, grey, silver, brown, café-au-lait, apricot, or cream 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Hunting Tests, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Tracking 
  • Group – Non-Sporting group 

Poodles come in three size variants: 

  • Standards are more than 15 inches tall at the shoulder. 
  • Miniatures are 15 inches or below. 
  • Toys stand no more than 10 inches. 

All three variants have the same build and proportions. Poodles are eager, athletic, and wickedly smart real dogs of exceptional versatility. With an abundance of calm character and intelligence, the Toy Poodle is a person and expects its owners to treat it like one. They are loving companions but need activities that keep them entertained. The Poodle has a low-shedding coat. The hair does grow, however, and requires regular trims and daily brushing. Owners tend to brush a full-coated Poodle daily; else, the hair will mat near the roots that need shaving off. Most owners choose to keep their Poodle coats trimmed short by grooming their pets every four to six weeks. Most of the Poodles enjoy long, happy lives with their owners due to responsible breeders. Health issues associated with this breed can include: 

  • Hip dysplasia and several eye disorders. 
  • Idiopathic epilepsy. 
  • Sebaceous adenitis. 
  • Von Willebrand’s disease. 
  • Immune-mediated disorders. 

Compared to Standard Poodles, Toy and Miniature Poodles are more likely to experience two orthopedic problems, Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease and luxating patellas. 

  1. Miniature Schnauzer 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 12 to 14 inches 
  • Weight – 14 to 17 pounds 
  • Coat – Wiry 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – Black, black and silver, or salt and pepper 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Obedience, Agility, Hunting, Tracking 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Miniature Schnauzer, the smallest of the three Schnauzer breeds, is generally healthy, long-lived, low-shedding companion, and the Standard Schnauzer’s descendant, bred to hunt vermin on farms. They have a stocky, muscular body with a distinct whiskered muzzle and bushy eyebrows. The Miniature Schnauzer is a smart, loving, trainable companion, small enough to suit urban life but tireless enough to guard acres of farmland. They do well with other pets and kids. Minis are sturdy little guys and enjoy the vigorous play. Home and family-oriented, they make excellent watchdogs. The Miniature Schnauzer has a double coat with a wiry topcoat and a soft undercoat that requires regular brushing, combing, and grooming to look its best. The breed sheds minimally. Most pet Miniature Schnauzers’ pet owners choose to have the coat trimmed with clippers by a professional groomer every five to eight weeks for the dog to look his best. The Miniature Schnauzer should get a bath once a month or so, basing his surroundings. 

  1. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 12 to 13 inches 
  • Weight – 13 to 18 pounds 
  • Coat – Feathered 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – White with chestnut markings (known as “Blenheim), white with black markings, black with tan markings and ruby, which is a rich red color. 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Obedience, Conformation 
  • Group – Toy dog 

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an elegant, royal, toy spaniel, slightly longer than tall, with moderate bones. The Cavalier is easily recognized by his rich, soft coat of moderate length, with a slight wave permissible and big, round eyes. These Spaniels are affectionate, smart, and eager to please, making them easy to train. They thrive on companionship and get along well with children and other pets. Their gait is free and elegant, with good reach and drive. Long feathering on the feet is a breed characteristic. The trademark of the breed is its gentle, sweet, melting expression. Cavaliers are an adaptable breed, so they’ll do well inactive households. As descendants of hunting dogs, they love to play outdoors and are happy to curl up on their owners’ laps. Cavaliers shed occasionally. Regular brushing prevents tangles and matting of the medium-length coat. Cavaliers are prone to several health problems that include certain eye conditions (including retinal problems and cataracts), middle ear infections, patella luxation, hip dysplasia, mitral valve heart disease, and a neurological condition called syringomyelia. 

  1. Chinese Crested 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – Males – 11 to 13 inches at the withers, Females – 9 to 12 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 7 to 12 pounds, Females – 5 to 11 pounds 
  • Coat – Short or medium 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 15 years 
  • Color – Any color or combination of colors 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Toy group 

The Chinese Crested is a fine-boned, affectionate, alert, lively, and slim dog, among the most elegant and pretty breeds. The Chinese Crested breed comes in two coat varieties — hairless and powderpuff. In the Hairless variety, silky hair is found only on the head, tail, feet, and lower legs. The skin of the hairless areas is soft and smooth. In the Powderpuff, the entire dog covers with a soft silky coat of moderate density and length. Both the variants shed little to no hair. These are as funny as they look: playful, loving, and devoted to their humans. The hairless has its advantages: there is no doggy odor, and for obvious reasons, shedding isn’t much of a problem. Both varieties are attentive housemates, totally in tune with their family. Responsible breeders screen their breeding stock for inherited eye problems known to occur in the Chinese Crested, including progressive retinal atrophy, glaucoma, and primary lens luxation. Epilepsy occurs in the breed rarely. Patellar luxation affects Cresteds, as it does most other small breeds. Legg-Calve-Perthes disease has no DNA test to screen parents, but it appears on X-ray sometimes. 
 

  1. Dandie Dinmont Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 8 to 11 inches at the top of the shoulders 
  • Weight – 18 to 24 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – Pepper or mustard 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Hunting, Tracking, Earthdog Trials, Conformation 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is gentle, affectionate, and loyal, particularly good with children. Developed on England and Scotland’s border in the 1700s to hunt otter and badger, this Terrier is well-known today for his companionship. The Dandie Dinmont Terrier’s physical trademarks include a large head covered with profuse, silky white hair; long, hanging ears tipped with feathering and coming almost to a point; big, round eyes full of brightness and expression; and a long, low body and short legs. This breed is an excellent watchdog but may be aggressive with other dogs and animals. These dogs don’t shed, but that doesn’t mean he requires no grooming. Remove the dead hair on his coat at least a couple of times a year. Expert trimming or stripping is necessary to maintain the rough double coat. There is no breed that is ultimately disease free, but a Dandie comes closer than many others. A rare few develop lymphoma, but otherwise the breed is typically healthy. Responsible breeders do genetic testing on their breeding stock to avoid any potential problems. 
 

  1. Havanese 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – Males: 9 to 11.5 inches; Females: 8.5 to 10 inches 
  • Weight – Males: 8 to 13 pounds; Females: 7 to 12 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 14 to 16 years 
  • Color – Comes in vast array of colors and markings 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Toy dog 

The Havanese is happy, intelligent, easy to train, and friendly to humans and other animals alike. Havanese is the only dog breed native to Cuba that is an ideal family dog, as he gets along well with children. Though he’s not aggressive, his sharp eye makes him a good watchdog as well. To keep them healthy, the Havanese needs moderate exercise daily. Short walks or indoor or outdoor family playtime will help keep him happy and healthy. Their small but strong bodies, adaptable nature, and social skills make Havanese an ideal city dog. Still, they are comfortable to be anywhere that they can command the attention of admirers young and old alike. The breed’s hallmark is the long double coat and a tail that curls forward. Some Havanese dogs can have a corded coat. Their potentially long hypoallergenic coat does not shed but requires regular grooming to keep it tangle- and mat-free. Havanese puppies have a softer, shorter coat. Havanese are healthy and relatively long-lived breed. There are several health conditions that the breed can be prone to, including eye disorders, heart murmurs, chondrodysplasia, deafness, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (affects the hip joint), and patellar luxation. 

  1. Italian Greyhound 
  • Size – Toy/Small 
  • Height – 13 to 15 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 8 to 15 pounds, Females – 4 to 10 pounds. 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – Any color and markings 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Lure Coursing, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Toy dog 

Italian Greyhound is a Greyhound in miniature, slimmer than their elder cousins but equal in Greyhound’s grace and elegance. The Italian Greyhound is an ancient breed from the Mediterranean region that excels as a small companion and hunter. This breed has a gentle, playful nature and is friendly with adults and children. An intelligent dog that is easy to train, which prefers spending time with his family. The Italian Greyhound is the smallest of the sighthounds that requires daily exercise. His smooth, glossy coat requires minimal grooming. 

  1. Japanese Chin 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – 8 to 11 inches at the highest point of the withers 
  • Weight – 4 to 15 pounds 
  • Coat – Semi-long 
  • Lifespan – 10 to 14 years 
  • Color – Black and white, red and white, and black and white with tan points 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Performing Tricks 
  • Group – Toy dog 

The Japanese Chin is a smart, sensitive, and affectionate breed that is intensely loyal. This soft, elegant toy dog is characterized by a short face, square body, and a plumed tail. The dog’s gait is stylish, lively, and light. The alert, playful Japanese Chin thrives on learning tricks and showing them off to an audience. The Japanese Chin is a relatively active little dog. Japanese Chin enjoys going for slow walks with his humans or exploring his fenced backyard. The breed is an outstanding choice for apartment living. Because of their headstrong nature, it is never a great idea to allow them to outdoors off lead. His feathered, silky coat requires extensive grooming twice a week. The Japanese Chin is a healthy breed, and responsible breeders screen for health conditions such as luxating patellas (slipping kneecaps), epilepsy, cataracts, and early-onset heart murmurs. Japanese Chin can be affected by a fatal neurological disorder called GM2 gangliosidosis, or Tay-Sachs disease, using a DNA test. Breeders can identify carriers and organize breedings to prevent the disease from showing in their puppies. 

  1. Miniature Pinscher 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – 10 to 12.5 inches at the shoulders 
  • Weight – 8 to 10 pounds. 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years 
  • Color – Solid red, black with red markings, or chocolate with rust markings 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Toy group 

The Miniature Pinscher is alert, quick, athletic, and spirited among the most energetic dogs. The Miniature Pinscher is native to Germany, developed several centuries ago to rid barnyards of pests. Despite their name, the Miniature Pinscher is not a tiny version of the Doberman Pinscher. This dog is the older of the two breeds, specialized as a loyal watchdog. The Miniature Pinscher courageously challenges troubles with his bold, insistent bark. A good family companion well-suited for apartment life, the breed is intelligent but maybe headstrong. Daily walks and playing fulfill the Miniature Pinscher’s exercise needs. His short coat needs occasional brushing and bathing. Miniature Pinschers are generally healthy canines, and responsible breeders test for health issues such as patellar luxation, cervical (dry) disc, epilepsy, thyroid, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, heart defects, and eye problems. 

  1. Norwich Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – No more than 10 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 11 to 12 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years  
  • Color – Red, wheaten, black-and-tan, or grizzle 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience, Conformation 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Norwich Terrier is among the endless variety of terriers bred to control Britain’s rodent population. The Norwich Terrier is a spirited and stocky dog with sensitive prick ears and a slightly foxy expression is also one of the smallest working terriers. Norwich Terrier is eager to dispatch little vermin alone or in a pack having good bone and substance. Norwich Terrier has a hard, wiry, straight topcoat (almost waterproof) over a soft, downy, insulating undercoat. Norwich Terriers shed, not as much as some. Remove the dead hair by brushing them weekly. Regular brushing will keep your Norwich clean. Despite his small size, the Norwich is an eager and fearless worker of substantial substance. Due to the breed’s hunting abilities and typical terrier curiosity, Norwich should have regular exercise as they have an ample energy supply. They make excellent walking companions. Being a fun-loving companion, the Norwich is ideal for city or country homes. Norwich Terrier suffers from health conditions such as hip dysplasia, epilepsy, degenerative myelopathy, and upper airway syndrome, a respiratory illness that is quite variable, and its prevalence and mode of inheritance are poorly known.  

  1. Norfolk Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 9 to 10 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 11 to 12 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – Red, wheaten, black-and-tan, or grizzle 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience 
  • Group – Terrier group 

Norfolk terrier is an energetic, compact, and hardy breed. Originating in England, farmers bred Norfolk to hunt and kill vermin in barns. The Norfolk Terrier shares an identical early history with the Norwich Terrier. During these breeds’ development, prick and drop ears were seen, and neither could lay claim to being more authentic or original than the other. Norfolk and Norwich’s terriers are closely related that the AKC did not recognize them as separate breeds until 1979. To differentiate them, look at the ears: The Norwich has erected pointed ears, whereas the Norfolk’s have folded ears. Norfolk Terriers are one the smallest among the working terriers. Admired for his gameness, loyalty, and charm, the Norfolk Terrier does well in families with other animals. He is known for adapting to any situation, making the breed ideal for city or country life. Norfolks are affectionate, loving companion having a hard, wiry, and straight coat that requires regular brushing and stripping. The Norfolk is a passionate digger. So, make sure the fencing should be sunk one foot deep and checked regularly for escape holes. Norfolk Terriers are naturally healthy dogs, and responsible breeders test their stock for health conditions such as heart and eye issues and patellar luxation.   

  1. Pekingese 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – Males and Females – 9 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 11.5 pounds, Females – 8.0 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – All colors and combinations are acceptable 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Low 
  • Activities – Conformation, Obedience, Rally, Agility 
  • Group – Toy group 

Pekingese, commonly referred to as a “little lion,” was bred for centuries to be the cherished companions of China’s imperial family. Today they are still beloved family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace. The Pekingese is a compact, sturdy dog that originated in ancient China. They have a stocky, muscular body with a massive front covered by thick fur. The gentle, dignified Pekingese is good-natured and devoted, making the breed an ideal watchdog and companion who develop a tight connection with their favorite human. Their goal in life is to amuse and comfort. Although they are fairly calm most of the time and have only modest exercise requirements, they enjoy participating in canine sports at their own pace. Pekingese shed seasonally. Frequent weekly grooming is required to remove loose hairs, prevent matting in the coarse coat, and avoid tangling. Pekingese appreciate cold temperatures. As with all short-faced breeds, it is essential to choose a Pekingese with wide-open nostrils on a moderate-sized nose. Because Pekingese don’t have a long muzzle to act as a natural barrier of protection for the eyes, it is crucial to ensure that your environment is safe for your Peke and that nothing can hurt his eyes. 

  1. Schipperke 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – 11 to 13 inches at the withers, Females – 10 to 12 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 12 to 18 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 15 years 
  • Color – Black 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Non-Sporting Group 

Schipperke is a curious, confident, and faithful dog breed, originated in the Flemish provinces of Belgium. Schipperkes are pretty small black dogs with pricked ears and a coat that gives the impression of a sloped back known for their beauty and aggressive nature. Protective of its people and property, Schipperke is an excellent house dog fond of children. Schipperkes are naturally suspicious of strangers, making them excellent watchdogs. Schipperkes are among the long-living breeds (above 15 years). These are flexible dogs who can do well in any environment, including life on a boat or in urban, as long as they get loads of daily exercise and the neighbors are tolerant of barking. This active breed benefits from obedience classes and should receive regular exercise. The Schipperke’s coat needs weekly brushing, though they go through a shedding season once or twice a year. During these days, more frequent brushing will help to maintain the volume of shed hair under control. Schipperke is generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be subject to specific health conditions such as luxating patellas (slipping kneecaps), Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (hip problems), eye problems, and thyroid problems. 

  1. Rat Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Miniature – 10 to 13 inches at the withers, Standard – 13 to 18 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Miniature – 4 to 6 pounds, Standard – 12 to 35 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 18 years 
  • Color – Any variation of pied patterning, including black, chocolate, red, apricot, blue, fawn, tan, or lemon 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Obedience, Earthdog, and Lure Coursing 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Rat Terrier is historically known for guarding houses or farms against rodents. President Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States, has given the breed its name after his terrier had eradicated the rat infestation at the White House. They are sturdy and compact little dog but also elegant. Originally bred to be a multipurpose dog capable of hunting rats on the farm, today’s Rat Terrier is a cheerful, family-focused housedog. The Rat Terrier is friendly, curious, lovable, and does well with children and other pets. An incredibly loyal breed, he is active and playful, requiring moderate exercise to burn off excess energy. The Rat Terrier is a breed in the Terrier group and includes dogs of two sizes: miniature and standard. A blend of a compact, sturdy exterminator and elegant, carry-along companion, these short-haired, alert-eared dogs are an enjoyable addition to any family. The Rat Terrier occasionally sheds on a seasonal basis. During seasonal shedding, a shedding tool or brush will help remove loose hair. Otherwise, his short coat is easy to maintain—a weekly brushing and a once-monthly bath should keep a Rat Terrier’s coat looking good. Overall, Rat Terriers are healthy dogs. Responsible breeders screen for hip dysplasia, patellar luxation (loose kneecaps), Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, and cardiac and eye disorders. 

  1. Toy Fox Terrier 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – 8.5 to 11.5 inches 
  • Weight – 3.5 to 7 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 14 years 
  • Color – White and black, white and tan, white black and tan, or white chocolate and tan 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Conformation, Obedience, Agility 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Toy Fox Terrier is an American breed resulting from Fox Terriers’ cross with toy breeds such as Miniature Pinscher, Italian Greyhound, and Chihuahua developed firstly in the year 1930. It has an aggressive, animated personality packaged in a small, elegant, graceful body. The breed is pleasant and friendly, making him an excellent family companion. A worthy watchdog, he also is fearless, loyal, and alert. These Terriers are easy to care for, requiring minimal exercise. The coat is shiny, satiny, delicate in texture, and smooth to the touch. Weekly brushing and occasional baths will be helpful for his light, silky skin. Obesity is a severe issue for Toy Fox Terriers, so a healthy diet and exercise are a must. Other health conditions may include patellar luxation and eye disease. Toy Fox Terrier anal glands must be checked often, and the teeth need to be cared for regularly. 

  1. West Highland White Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males: 11 inches; Females: 10 inches 
  • Weight – Males: 15 to 22 pounds; Females: 13 to 15 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 15 years 
  • Color – White 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Obedience 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The West Highland White Terrier is a friendly companion, having a strong-willed personality. They are compact and short with a bright white coat and a long tail. Westies are strong and tough, bred to hunt rats and other underground rodents. They have healthy teeth and jaws. Their harsh double coat, especially the hard, straight outer coat, protects from the external elements. Westies shed seasonally. Daily brushing and combing are essential to maintain a decent coat, as giving them frequent baths can cause more harm to their hard coat. Westies are generally healthy but may suffer from weight gain. They may also be at risk for cardiac disease or luxating patella. 

  1. American Hairless Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – at least 16 inches at the withers, Females – at least 15 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 17 to 23 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 11 to 16 years 
  • Color – Blue, sandy, liver, blue-and-tan, sandy-and-tan, or liver-and-tan 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Conformation 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The American Hairless Terrier is an active companion dog and an excellent choice for allergy sufferers. Commonly known as AHT or Hairless Rat Terrier is a curious, spunky, and intelligent dog breed. They have a shiny coat with smooth skin, warm to the touch. They can grow in larger family homes with kids or with active urban residents in apartments. They enjoy cuddling, being a goof, and good at alerting you to potential dangers. American Hairless Terriers don’t do well when left alone for long periods. They need attention and validation, which makes them great dogs for prominent families or active urban residents. They make excellent dogs for allergy sufferers and have minimal shedding. Breeders screen for health conditions such as hip dysplasia, luxating patella, cardiac conditions, and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, a hip problem that can be fixed with surgery. Skin problems are quite rare in AHT’s. 

  1. Cesky Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 10 to 13 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 16 to 22 lbs. 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – Any shade of gray from charcoal to platinum; may have white, brown, black and/or yellow markings 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Tracking 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Cesky Terrier is a group hunter developed in the Czech Republic, keen and alert with a balanced temperament. Ceskys are Muscular and handsome hunters. This short-legged breed is a loyal, loving family companion but needs continued socialization due to his reserved nature with strangers. The fair, silky coat comes in several shades of gray, including stunning platinum. Wavy facial hair gives Ceskys a sporty, Continental look, and the medium-long neck lends a dash of elegance to these game, unspoiled working terriers. Suspicious of strangers and protective of loved ones, they’re good watchdogs without being particularly yappy. The breed requires regular exercise, and his fine coat shed minimally, which needs occasional grooming. Cesky Terriers are prone to several health problems that include patellar luxation (slipped stifles), progressive retinal atrophy, cardiac issues, and cataracts. Most of the Ceskys suffer from a neurological issue known as Scotty Cramp, a somewhat debilitating but not life-threatening disorder that affects his movement. 

  1. Coton de Tulear 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Females – 9 to 10 inches; Males – 10 to 11 inches 
  • Weight – Females – 8 to 13 pounds, Males – 9 to 15 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 14 to 16 years 
  • Color – White 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Obedience, Rally, Tracking 
  • Group – Non-Sporting group 

The Coton de Tulear is a smart and charming little dog characterized by his fluffy, cotton-like coat that thrives on human companionship, deriving his name from the French word “Coton,” meaning “cotton,” and the port of Tulear in Madagascar, where the breed originated. He has a knack for performing tricks, and his sweet, smiley expression conveys his happy personality. The Coton is a hardy dog, but he’s a companion breed who should live indoors, particularly well-suited to apartment living. Cotons love playing and going for walks, but they adjust their activity to their people’s level. Cotons require brushing several times a week to prevent mats and tangles formation. Bath them as needed, weekly or monthly. It’s believed its texture allows air to circulate within it, insulating the breed from heat and cold. Their primary job is to provide entertainment, comfort, and companionship. The bond between Cotons and their people is so tight that owners discuss it in human terms. The Coton is generally healthy. Still, some of the conditions have been seen in Cotons, although they’re not popular in the breed. Luxating patellas (knees that slip in and out of place) are a common problem in any small breed, and the Coton is no exception. It’s essential to protect puppies from jumping on and off furniture while their joints are still developing. Cotons think they’re invincible, as well as capable of flight, so it’s necessary to protect them from themselves. 

  1. Lhasa Apso 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – 10 to 11 inches at the withers, Females – 9 to 10 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 13 to 18 pounds, Females – 11 to 13 pounds. 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years 
  • Color – Any color 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Non-Sporting group 

The Lhasa Apso is a small dog, longer than it is tall. Lhasa Apso is a thousand-year-old breed from the Himalayas, bred to guard isolated palaces and monasteries. Lhasa Apso is a happy, confident, and healthy dog with a long luxurious coat. Lhasas possesses intelligence, sharp hearing, and an instinct for detecting friends from strangers. They enjoy daily walks and do great with positive training. The Lhasa Apso is a Non-Sporting breed characterized by a fabulous, floor-length coat, worn parted down the middle, hanging the body on both sides. Lhasa Apsos are occasional shedders, but their long hair does require more involved care. Owners can keep their dog’s hair long or choose a puppy cut. Lhasas with a puppy cut needs to be brushed twice or thrice a week and bathed between visits to the groomer. Lhasas with long hair should be on the same brushing schedule and given baths every two weeks. Lhasa Apso’s most serious health problem is hereditary kidney dysfunction, which can be present in mild to the severe form. There is no specific test to detect the carriers. Prospective owners should seek out experienced, conscientious breeders aware of the condition and remove affected ones from their breeding programs. Breeders have made significant progress toward eliminating this problem, and the risk of acquiring an afflicted puppy from a knowledgeable breeder is narrow. Other health conditions may include dry eye, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), hip dysplasia, slipping stifles, and cherry eye. 

  1. Lowchen 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 12 to 14 inches 
  • Weight – 8 to 18 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years 
  • Colors – Black, Black & Silver, Black & Tan, Blue, Black Brindle, Blue Brindle, Chocolate, Cream, Fawn, Gold, Gold Brindle, Gold Sable, Red, Red Brindle, Red Sable, Silver, Silver Brindle, White. 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Affectionate, Lively, Brave, Agility, Obedience 
  • Group – Non-Sporting group 

The Lowchen is a small compact dog with an immense heart, slightly longer than tall, with a sturdy and robust personality. With a name that translates to “lion dog,” lowchens are highly devoted and playful. These pups fit into just about any environment, including apartment life. Although, they like to bark, which is something your next-door-neighbor might not appreciate. Lowchens are active and smart, they do great in dog competitions such as obedience and agility, and they outdo the expectations that many have for a family companion. The name “lion dog” comes from the traditional Lowchen clip, with close-cut hindquarters and a full, natural mane, but the nickname refers to the little dog’s big personality as well. Lowchen has the “small dog…big personality” down pat, which can be a joy and a frustration. The Lowchen doesn’t suit to be an outdoor or kennel dog. They are companion dogs and are happiest when they are in the company of the people they love. Although the Lowchen doesn’t shed much, he still requires regular brushing and grooming to prevent tangles and mats and keep him in good health. The majority of Lowchen are healthy little dogs. Qualified breeders screen for health conditions such as hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, and patellar luxation (slipped stifle). 

  1. Manchester Terrier 
  • Size – Toy and Small/Medium 
  • Height – 17 inches 
  • Weight – Toy – 7 to 12 pounds, Standard – 12 to 22 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 15 to 17 years 
  • Color – Black and tan 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Conformation, Obedience, Agility, Coursing, Earthdog Trials, Herding 
  • Group – Toy group 

Manchester Terrier is an athletic and intelligent dog, named after the city in England, being its origin. Manchester Terrier comes in two size varieties – Standard (22 pounds and under) and Toy (12 pounds and under). The head is long and wedge-shaped with tan spots above each eyepoint, making a watchful expression. No matter their size, these Terriers are silky, graceful dogs that combine the sharp instincts and courage of a terrier with racing hounds’ speed and agility. Manchester Terrier is an agile, compact dog initially bred to hunt rats. Sturdy yet beautiful. Manchester Terriers are faithful, courageous, and alert, making him an exceptional companion and watchdog. This intelligent, charming dog can be quite active, so moderate exercise is essential. The sleek coat of the Manchester Terrier requires minimal grooming and occasional baths. The Manchester Terrier admirers worldwide are currently forming together to develop a genetic test for juvenile cardiomyopathy, a deadly disease that can affect the breed. If your Manchester ever requires surgery, remind your vet that the breed should be given anesthesia with the same care as their Greyhound ancestors. Also, like so many small dogs, the Manchester can be affected by patellar luxation. Breast cancer and canine pyometra can affect the unspayed female Manchester Terriers. 

  1. Silky Terrier 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – 9 to 10 inches 
  • Weight – 10 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium-long 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years  
  • Color – Black and tan, blue and tan, blue-silver and tan, gray and tan, silver and tan, or silver-black and tan 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Low 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Earthdog Trials 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Silky Terrier is a tiny version of a working terrier, and as such retains many similar features. A native of Sydney, Australia, is larger than his close cousin, the Yorkshire Terrier.  A bit longer than tall, and though refined bone, they often have enough strength and substance. Their straight, single coat is silky and glossy, following the body outline rather than falling to the ground. The friendly, lively Silky Terrier has a proper terrier temperament with a zest for life. Originally bred to hunt vermin, this dog is active and alert with a long, moderately low set body. He is playful, curious and eager to please, making him an exceptional companion. The Silky Terrier requires little exercise but enjoys an occasional game or an outdoor walk. His subtle, smooth coat must be brushed and bathed regularly.  The Silky Terrier’s coat should be brushed at least twice a week with a pin brush or soft bristle brush. Without proper care, tangles and mats are uncomfortable for your dog and cause skin problems to develop. Trimming the nails once a month, and a bath every four to six weeks with a gentle shampoo meant for dogs will help keep the coat and skin clean and healthy. Grooming sessions are an excellent time to check the dog all over for any new lumps or skin problems and check that the eyes and ears are healthy and trouble-free. While Silky Terriers are generally healthy dogs, few health and genetic screening problems are specific to the breed. Responsible breeders test them for conditions the breed can be prone to, including patellar luxation and eye disease. Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help ensure the dog a long, healthy life. 

  1. Cocker Spaniel 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Male: 14.5 to 15.5 inches; Female: 13.5 to 14.5 inches 
  • Weight – Male: 25 to 30 pounds; Female: 20 to 25 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – Black, Black with Tan Points, Parti-Color, and ASCOB (Any Solid Color Other than Black) 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Field Trials, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Sporting group 

Cocker Spaniel, the smallest of the sporting group, is one of the America’s popular breeds. Bred to hunt woodcock and other birds, the Cocker Spaniel is capable of considerable speed and strength. Cocker Spaniel is intelligent and cheerful, having a unique ability to connect with humans, and makes an excellent companion. His gentle, affectionate, and playful nature makes him especially good with kids. The silky coat is flat or slightly wavy but not overly long. The head and expression are hallmarks of the breed, making them look soft and appealing. Cocker Spaniel needs daily exercise in the form of a brisk walk or playtime with his favorite humans and is relatively easy to train. The Cocker Spaniel is a low-shedding breed, but he requires daily brushing to limit tangles and mats. Trimming the coat every few months will keep him looking his best. Overeating and lack of exercise can lead to weight gain and obesity in Cocker Spaniels. The breed is also at risk for hip, knee, and eye problems. Their long ears require regular cleaning to reduce the risk of infection. 

  1. Shetland Sheepdog 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 13 to 16 inches at the shoulders 
  • Weight – 15 to 25 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years 
  • Color – Black, blue, merle, or sable with varying amounts of white and/or tan 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Conformation, Herding, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Tracking 
  • Group – Herding group 

The Shetland Sheepdog is a small, active, and energetic herding dog devoted to keen intelligence and understanding. The Shetland Sheepdog belongs to the herding dog breed, descended from the Rough Collie of Scotland. Extremely loyal, affectionate, and responsive, the Shetland Sheepdog is an outstanding family dog. They thrive on farms but adapts to many living situations if provided adequate exercise. Shelties are eager and easy to train, which is why they excel in obedience, agility, and herding trials. They are terrific watchdogs who won’t hesitate to bark. With his small size, wedge-shaped head, erect ears, and long, straight coat, the Sheltie looks like a miniature version of a rough-coated Collie. The Shetland Sheepdog’s double coat sheds considerably. With a long outer coat and a dense, short undercoat, it must be brushed weekly and more often during shedding season. Owners need to check for mats that can form behind the ears, under the elbows, and on the hindquarters. Shelties need occasional baths. Shetland Sheepdogs are generally healthy. Breeders should screen for conditions such as hip dysplasia, thyroid disease, eye diseases, dermatomyositis, von Willebrand’s disease, gallbladder mucoceles, and epilepsy. 

  1. Russell Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 10 to 12 inches 
  • Weight – 9 to 15 pounds 
  • Coat – Smooth – Short; Broken – Medium; Rough – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 16 years 
  • Color – White with tan and/or black markings 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Obedience, Rally, Hunting, Tracking, Search and Rescue, Lure Coursing, Earthdog Trials 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Jack Russell Terrier originated in England in the mid-to-late 1800s in response to a need for a small but feisty fox hunting dog. The Russell Terrier is curious, playful, and jovial. Bred to hunt vermin, the Russell Terrier is an adorable, enthusiastic, and charming companion dog who is also a tireless worker. His compact body is a never-ending source of energy, making him a good match for active families. Keen and intelligent, he loves being outdoors and needs lots of exercises and mental stimulation. This Terrier breed is a small dog with the confidence of a giant. The Russell Terrier moves freely and without hesitation, always ready for an adventure. His active ears add expression to his bright face. This breed has three coat varieties: Smooth, Broken, and Rough. The Russell Terrier has an easy-care weatherproof coat that sheds seasonally. Smooth-coated Russells need only a weekly brushing with a soft brush or hound glove. Russells with rough or broken coats requires weekly brushing. Most of the Russell Terriers are happy, healthy little dogs. Responsible breeders screen for health conditions such as patellar luxation (loose kneecaps), eye disease, and deafness. 

  1. Scottish Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 10 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – Males – 19 to 22 pounds, Females – 18 to 21 pounds 
  • Coat – Wiry, medium 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – Black, black brindle, brindle, red brindle, silver brindle, or wheaten 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Hunting, Earthdog Trials 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Scottish Terrier is an independent, confident, dignified, almost-human charactered companion of high qualities. Shortly called the “Scottie,” the Scottish Terrier is a compact, strong vermin hunter noted for having a shaggy beard and short legs. The Scottish Terrier is a compact, relatively heavy boned dog, giving the impression of great power in a small body. Their coat combines a dense undercoat and extraordinarily hardy and wiry outer coat, about 2 inches in length. Scottish Terriers tend to be reserved with strangers and can be aggressive to other dogs, so proper socializing is necessary during their puppy time itself. Scottish Terriers shed only lightly but require significant brushing twice a week and clipping every other month. Their unique eyebrows and beard add to their expression, which is often intense and sharp. Charming and gentle, Scotties enjoy being a beloved pet and loves to be near his humans. The playful, spirited Scotties needs plenty of leashed walks or fenced exercise. The Scottie isn’t suited for homes with kids as they are an expert in defending themselves against unwanted pulling and prodding. Scottish Terriers are generally healthy but may encounter certain health conditions such as Scottie cramp, Von Willebrand’s disease, Craniomandibular osteopathy and Patellar luxation. 

  1. Bedlington Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – at least 16 inches at the withers, Females – at least 15 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 17 to 23 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years 
  • Color – Blue, sandy, liver, blue-and-tan, sandy-and-tan, or liver-and-tan 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Conformation 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Bedlington Terrier is a hardy breed known for his woolly, curly coat developed in England in the 19th-century to catch vermin and hunter’s sidekick. Bedlington Terrier’s gracefully shaped body gives the capacity for incredible speed and endurance. Soft and gentle with a lovable nature, the breed makes an excellent family companion. Loving and playful, the Bedlington enjoys being the center of attention. They may prefer to be a solo pet in the household. If planning to keep Bedlington with other pets, early socializing is necessary. He is an energetic but not overly active companion that needs daily exercise. They’re the right choice for apartment residents and large house owners alike, so long as they get plenty of exercise and love. Even though these dogs are friendly to just about all people, they have a strong sense of intuition and make excellent watchdogs for their humans. Bedlington Terrier can be stubborn at times. A Bedlington Terrier requires grooming once or twice weekly to maintain the coat and prevent matting. Bedlington Terriers are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they’re prone to some health conditions. Not all Bedlingtons will get any or all of these diseases, but it’s essential to be aware of them if you’re considering this breed. Conditions might include Copper Toxicosis, Patellar Luxation, Distichiasis, and Renal Cortical Hypoplasia. 

  1. Yorkshire Terrier 
  • Size – Toy 
  • Height – 6 to 9 inches 
  • Weight – Up to 7 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 11 to 15 years 
  • Color – Combination of blue and tan or blue and gold. Other colors may include black and gold or black and tan. 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience, Tracking, Conformation 
  • Group – Toy group 

The Yorkshire Terrier is a compact, toy-size terrier known for its sharp, confident carriage and intelligent expression. They are a small breed more noted for their long, silky hair, which is often fine, glossy, and perfectly straight.  A rich, floor-length coat quickly identifies Yorkshire Terriers. These are loyal and protective companion dogs. Yorkies are fearless, challenging, and fiercely protective, which makes them perfect little watchdogs. This tiny sized dog is intelligent and eager to please but can be headstrong at times. Training and socializing a Yorkshire Terrier puppy should begin at an early age. Yorkies still need some exercise regardless of their size. A couple of short walks a day and occasional fetch games will help keep them physically and mentally fit. Yorkies have a long, floor-length coat covering their small, compact bodies. The hair around their eyes is either trimmed short or pulled into a “topknot,” often emphasized with a bow. The Yorkie’s hypoallergenic coat sheds infrequently but requires daily brushing and weekly baths to keep their hair tangle-free and clean. Yorkshire Terriers are a healthy breed overall. A couple of health conditions to watch for include eye problems and a dislocated kneecap called luxating patella. Limit their jumping height to help prevent luxating patella. Yorkies may be prone to weight gain, so they need daily exercise and monitoring of food intake. 

  1. Bolognese 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 8 to 14 inches  
  • Weight – Up to 7 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years 
  • Color – White 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Low 
  • Activities – Playful, Easygoing, Earnest, Willing, Intelligent, Loyal, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Foundation Stock Service 

Descended from Bichons, the Bolognese dog breed originated in Bologna, Italy, in the 11th century. Bolognese is a calm, friendly, and affectionate dog that is well-suited to living in any size residence, from small apartments to large houses with yards. Funny and curious, this intelligent and devoted dog loves to spend time with his humans, whether going for walks, running tasks, or playing with the kids. He excels at manipulating people to get his way and can be difficult to housetrain, so be patient and consistent. Sensitive and loving, Bolognese is a loyal companion dog. They pack a lot of personality in a tiny body. These pups don’t much care for being left alone for long hours of the day. Instead, they love to join wherever you go. But even though these pups adore their humans, they also have a stubborn side when it comes to training. Teach these dogs plenty of positive reinforcement and avoid harsh punishments. If you do, you’ll have a loving, well-behaved family member who won’t leave your side. Like many long-haired dogs, Bolos don’t shed much. They don’t lose their whole coat a few times a year like some breeds, such as Huskies. While they’re often considered low-shedding, they do have hair so that you may find long white hairs around your house. Still, for mild allergy sufferers or clean house lovers, a Bolognese might be the right choice. The majority of Bolognese are healthy dogs. A responsible breeder will screen breeding stock for health conditions such as luxating patellas and eye anomalies. Skilled breeders utilize health screening and genetic testing to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies. 

  1. German Spitz 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 12 to 15 inches  
  • Weight – 24 to 26 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 13 to 15 years 
  • Color – White, Black, Cream, Black & Tan, Brown, Orange 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Obedience 
  • Group – Foundation Stock Service 

The German Spitz is one of the ancient dog breeds originating from Europe. Attentive, energetic, and devoted, these dogs have some of the best qualities among any dog breed around. The German Spitz is a loyal Nordic breed with a short, compact, square body, prick ears, gorgeous coat, and a tail that curls over his back. Alert and vocal with a sharp sense of hearing, the breed has long been characterized and valued as a fearless defender of field and home. This small breed has two size varieties: the Klein and the Mittel. The German Spitz is always alert, lively, and exceptionally devoted to his owner. He is easily trainable. His distrust towards strangers and lack of hunting instinct makes him the ideal watchdog for the home. His immunity to weather, robustness, and longevity are his most outstanding qualities. The German Spitz has a double coat; the undercoat is soft, short, and wooly, and over it, a long, fibrous layer makes up the overcoat, which sheds twice per year. During those times, the entire undercoat sheds in the span of about 2 to 3 weeks. German Splitz breed is generally healthy, but certain cases like Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Retinal Dysplasia, and Patella Luxation are possible. 

  1. Corgi 
  • Size – Small to Medium 
  • Height – 10 to 12 inches 
  • Weight – Males: Up to 30 pounds; Females: Up to 28 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 10 to 12 years 
  • Color – Black and tan, fawn, red, blue merle, brindle, grey, liver, red merle, sable merle, white merle and sable. 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Active 
  • Activities – Herding, Tracking, Agility 
  • Group – Herding group 

The Corgi is a low-set herding dog breed that also makes a pleasant house dog. There are two different breeds of Corgis: The Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. The Corgi is affectionate, smart, loyal, and alert. The Corgi is whip-smart, so their keepers should be, too. They’re faithful and devoted, easily trained, and can adapt to many living situations. Corgis are especially fond of kids and are friendly with other pets. Corgis make better exercise buddies regardless of their appearance and using them only to drive livestock. They’re fast, robust, and have remarkable stamina. Corgis are a vocal breed and watchful guardian with a “big dog” bark. They love the outdoors and thrive on mental stimulation and physical exercise. Many Corgis are good at agility, obedience, herding, and tracking activities. Corgis have a double coat that sheds daily. Shedding increases during the late spring/early summer seasons. Corgis may undergo health conditions such as hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and degenerative myelopathy. Their “long and low” body style also makes them sensitive to back issues. As they age, you may need to help them jump down off the bed or couch and be careful with stairs. 

  1. Lakeland Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – 14.5 inches at the withers, Females – 13.5 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 17 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 16 years 
  • Color – Blue, black, liver, red, or wheaten 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Hunting, Tracking, Earthdog Trials 
  • Group – Terrier group  

Lakeland Terriers, a lively breed, initially bred to hunt the foxes preyed on sheep during the lambing season in Cumberland, England.  Nicknamed Lakies, these feisty little dogs are affectionate, friendly, and self-confident. His dense, wiry coat is longer on the legs and muzzle, which gives him a distinct beard-like appearance. This dog has a confident, quiet behavior around people but can be bold and aggressive toward other dogs. The Lakeland Terrier is an ideal fit for active families. The Lakeland Terrier is an affectionate dog when it comes to the humans in their life. Even though they have high energy and exercise needs, their small size can help them adapt to apartment living, so long as they get plenty of physical activity. For a home with a backyard, a high, sturdy fence must prevent roaming and wildlife chasing. These dogs respond well to confident pet parents who can set boundaries. Give this pup lots of patient training and active playtime, and you’ll have a loving, furry family member. Lakeland Terriers are prone to chasing other animals or anything else that might interest them. Keep them on a leash when you’re in unfenced areas. Lakeland Terriers tend to be possessive about their food and toys. Proper obedience training is necessary. The wire coat needs combing one or two times weekly, plus scissoring, shaping, and clipping, around four times yearly. Clipping softens the coat and lightens the color. Lakeland Terriers are a healthy breed and don’t suffer from any known hereditary health problems. 

  1. Norwegian Lundehund 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – Males – 13 to 15 inches, Females – 12 to 14 inches 
  • Weight – Males – 15 pounds, Females – 13 pounds 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years 
  • Color – Black, gray, reddish brown, white, yellow, or sable and white 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Hunting 
  • Group – Non-Sporting group 

Norwegian Lundehund is a friendly, athletic companion, primarily bred to hunt Puffin birds. A truly unique breed that features six toes on each foot, prick ears that fold closed, and the ability to bend his head back to his spine. The Lundehund can also extend the forelegs straight out to either side, which results in a unique rotary movement when the dog runs. This dog can close the ear openings to block out debris and has elongated rear foot pads for better friction.  A faithful protector, the Norwegian Lundehund is an affectionate family companion. This breed requires moderate exercise to stimulate his intelligent, curious mind. Norwegian Lundehund has two fewer teeth than other dogs. Lundehunds are busy dogs, climbing on things and checking out crannies. They need a good walk or strenuous play session every day. They particularly enjoy exploring new places or any activity that keeps their active minds occupied. Some can be difficult to housetrain. The Lundehund is athletic and agile, having a medium-length double coat with a harsh outer coat with a soft underfur. Lundehunds shed heavily and need regular brushing. The Norwegian Lundehund is generally a healthy breed, and responsible breeders test their stock for health conditions such as patellar luxation and eye disorders. Brush their teeth often, using a toothpaste designed for dogs to keep them clean and tar free. 

  1. Portuguese Podengo Pequeno 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 8 to 12 inches 
  • Weight – 9 to 13 pounds 
  • Coat – Smooth – Short, dense; Wire – Long, rough 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 14 years 
  • Color – Yellow, fawn, black, brown, or white 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Conformation, Agility, Obedience, Rally, Lure Coursing 
  • Group – Miscellaneous Class 

Portuguese Podengo Pequeno is the smallest of Portugal’s Podengo breeds, originally bred to hunt rabbits on Portugal’s abrasive terrain. Classified as a hound, Portuguese Podengo Pequeno is alert and quick. Pequeno’s love to run, romp, and chase when outdoors but make charming and well-mannered housemates. The Portuguese Podengo Pequeno is a brave hound with a wedge-shaped head and upright ears. The Podengo is a loyal companion and a good watchdog. Energetic and intelligent, the Portuguese Podengo Pequeno needs plenty of daily exercises. They have a rightful status for being tough and energetic. Playing in a large fenced yard, a vigorous walk daily, participation in agility or obedience trials or hunting can provide these dogs’ needed activity. The breed has two coat variants, Smooth and Wire, with a bearded muzzle. Regular brushing followed by running a comb through the hair to remove tangles in the wire coat and an occasional wipe-down with a damp cloth on the smooth coat is enough to keep him in great shape between monthly baths. The Portuguese Podengo Pequeno is a healthy breed, and breeders screen breeding stock to identify and breed away from possible genetic issues. Responsible breeders screen their stock for health conditions such as eye disorders and joint diseases such as hip dysplasia or patellar luxation. Overall, the majority of PPPs are healthy dogs with few genetic problems. 

  1. Miniature Bull Terrier 
  • Size – Small/Medium 
  • Height – 10 to 14 inches at the withers 
  • Weight – 45 to 80 pounds 
  • Coat – Short 
  • Lifespan – 11 to 14 years 
  • Color – Any color(s) or all white 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Agility, Obedience, Rally Obedience 
  • Group – Terrier group 

The Miniature Bull Terrier originated in the 19th century, initially bred for dogfighting. Identical to the Bull Terrier in every way except size, this breed has a soft, clownish, and playful personality. This breed is every bit as tough as the larger version and prone to prove themselves even more. Miniature Bull Terriers have a square, muscular, and strong character. Their gait is free and easy. Courageous and full of fire dog breed but even-tempered and responsive to discipline. Though a loving companion, he may become too vigorous for small children without proper exercise and training. This tiny Bull Terrier is possibly not recommended for homes with small non-canine pets. Their trademark is a vast egg-shaped head, with its dark, triangular eyes that shine with mischief. It’s unlikely to mistake the Bull Terrier breeds for any other. The coat can be pure white or white with predominant colored markings. The Miniature Bull Terrier doesn’t require a lot of grooming beyond regular baths and a weekly once brushing. The Miniature Bull Terrier is prone to health conditions such as heart and kidney issues, deafness, luxating patellas, and primary lens luxation. Puppies can be sensitive to sudden lameness, so proper care is necessary to limit some of their activities. 

  1. Biewer Terrier 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 7 to 11 inches 
  • Weight – 4 to 8 pounds 
  • Coat – Long 
  • Lifespan – 12 to 15 years 
  • Color – White, Black, Blue, Blue & White 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – Yes 
  • Energy – Medium 
  • Activities – Affectionate, Intelligence, Agility, Obedience, Conformation 
  • Group – Toy group 

The Biewer Terrier is a unique purebred dog created by a recessive piebald gene in two Yorkshire Terriers. The Biewer Terrier is a rich, longhaired, tri-colored toy terrier dog whose only motto in life is to love and be loved. These dogs are friendly, enthusiastic, and energetic, which are some of their best qualities. Biewer are lively and athletic, able to keep up with their best on long walks, tours, or competing in the agility sport. The Biewer Terrier is a relatively soft, easy-going dog. Their playful attitudes provide them with a natural means of self-exercising, along with the time spent engaging with their human families. The Biewer Terrier has a long coat that requires daily brushing. There is minimal matting with the silkier coat, but the soft coats may get some mats. If you wish to keep your Biewer in a short coat, minimal grooming is needed. Usage of good-quality products is required to keep the coat in its soft, silky condition. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog. Beyond daily brushing, occasional baths will keep them clean and looking their best, again using right quality products. Like all breeds, there may be some health issues. Most Biewer Terriers are healthy dogs. Sensitive GI systems are common in the Biewer Terrier to have an occasional soft or discolored stool. Although not life-threatening, if your dog has persistent problems with diarrhea or discolored stools, take him/her to the vet immediately. 

  1. Alaskan Klee Kai 
  • Size – Small 
  • Height – 13 inches and under (Toy) 
  • Weight – 6-12 pounds (Toy) 
  • Coat – Medium 
  • Lifespan – 13-16 years 
  • Color – Black and White, Gray and White, and Red and White 
  • Hypo-Allergenic – No 
  • Energy – High 
  • Activities – Sledding, Agility, Conformation 
  • Group – Foundation Stock Breed 

The Alaskan Klee Kai, a relatively new dog breed that looks like a smaller Siberian Husky version. Even the name “Klee Kai” is derived from an Inuit term meaning “small dog.” Kell Kais are tiny, smart, alert, energetic, and curious, yet reserved with strangers and situations. This breed is more suited to a companion’s life, although Alaskan Klee Kai shares the Husky’s high energy and demands plenty of exercises. The Alaskan Klee Kai has a well-formed contrasting facial mask and body markings. These dogs tend to be shy around strangers and are likely to express their emotions with barks and whines. The Alaskan Klee Kai is an active dog with a medium-high energy level. Regular exercise and activities together physically and mentally strengthen the bond between dog and owner and avoid destructive behavior. The Alaskan Klee Kai (AKK) is a double-coated breed, with a short, thick undercoat and a longer outer coat of guard hairs. This coat keeps them warm from cold and heat temperatures and helps protect the skin from the sun. While the undercoat sheds twice a year, some owners state that it lasts for six months at a time. Weekly brushings and combing help keep the coat and skin in good condition and help reduce the hair shed around the house. 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.