Female Rottweilers – Everything You Need To Know

Female Rottweilers
are muscular and devoted to the pet parent, appreciated for their calmness, confidence, strength, and good-natured character. There are significant differences based on their gender in appearance, temperament, training, etc. Apart from these, Rottweilers strike an unlikely balance between a world-class guardian and a goofy companion. Courageous but not overly aggressive, this hardworking dog benefits from early training and socialization to direct its territorial instincts positively. They are hardworking, healthy, and loyal “people dogs.”

Despite its imposing manner, Rottweiler enthusiasts often call it a goofball. Though silly and affectionate with those close to its heart, Rottweiler is also territorial. Therefore, early socialization and training are essential to have a well-mannered Rottie. Rottweilers are also extremely intelligent, trainable, and thrive when working alongside their human partners, making them exceptional therapy, search-and-rescue, guard, draft, and police dogs. However, even the gentlest, well-behaved Rottweiler can put children, the elderly, more petite adults, and anyone unsteady on his feet at risk.

Rotties put on weight quickly and need at least a couple of 10–20-minute walks daily, including mental stimulation by training and puzzle toys to keep their bodies and minds in shape. Even five minutes of obedience training will give them a feeling of success. Rottweilers thrive when they have work to do: obedience competition, competitive protection work, carting, agility, therapy dog work, or herding. They love people and want to be with their families. If left alone for long periods or don’t receive adequate exercise, they may become destructive.

Female Rottweiler Pros and Cons

Friendly and affectionate with children and other petsExpensive to spay
Well manneredNot strong as male counterparts
Intensely trainable, confident and agileSolitary and cautious

Male Rottweiler Vs Female Rottweiler Basic Information

Features  Male RottweilerFemale Rottweiler
Origin  Germany Germany 
Height  23 to 27 inches22 to 25 inches
Weight  95 to 134 pounds80 to 100 pounds
Size   LargeLarge
Group  Working Dog Working Dog 
Children Compatibility  Medium to HighMedium to High
Family Compatibility  High High 
Pets Compatibility  Low to MediumLow to Medium
Barking Level  Medium to High Medium to High 
Shedding Level  Medium to High Medium to High 
Hypoallergenic  No No 
Grooming Needs  Medium to HighMedium to High
Overall Health  Low to Medium Low to Medium 
Energy  Medium to HighMedium to High
Exercise Needs  Medium to HighMedium to High
Trainability  Medium to High Medium to High 
Activities  Driving Cattles, Cart Pulling, Escorts, Police DogsDriving Cattles, Cart Pulling, Escorts, Police Dogs
Complication in breeding  NoNo
Litter Size5 to 10 Puppies 5 to 10 Puppies 
Lifespan  7 to 12 Years7 to 12 Years
Other NamesRottie Rottie 

Female Rottweiler Personality

Rottweiler is a medium-large, muscular, powerful dog, coated black with clear rust markings. Rotties’ compact and sturdy build signifies superior strength, agility, and stamina. Male Rottweilers are more massive throughout, with a larger frame and heavier bone than females. In contrast, females will have more rounded body frames with more flexibility without any weak structure or substance. The physical difference doesn’t stop with a dog’s sex organs. Height and weight vary from a male Rottweiler to a female Rottweiler. Some females grow taller and more prominent than their male counterparts. 

Female Rottweilers would reach 22 to 25 inches at the shoulder and weigh 80 to 100 pounds. A Female Rottweiler will weigh around twelve pounds at eight weeks and multiply four times by six months of age. When she reaches adulthood, she will weigh approximately 63 pounds and stand 23 inches tall. Typically, puberty hits her at around two or three years of age. Although she has a larger body, she doesn’t lack balance in her gait or grace. Their power and strength can be seen evidently, although insignificant in measurement. 

Whether male or female, the Rottweiler’s head is of medium length that is broad between the ears, forehead line seen in profile is slightly arched, the zygomatic arch and stop well developed with strong upper and lower jaws. Eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped with well-fitting lids, moderately deep-set, neither pointing nor falling. The desired color of a Rottweiler is a uniform dark brown. The ears are medium-sized and triangular, and the muzzle is straight, broad, and slightly tapering towards the tip with a well-defined chin. The nose is wide and black  and the lips are black. The neck is well-built, long, and a little arched. The chest is broad and deep. Legs are built sturdily with straight and heavy bones. When a Rottweiler is viewed from the back, its hind legs are straight, well made, and comprehensive. Rottweilers are double-coated. Their outer coat is straight, dense, rough, and medium length. The tail is short.

Friendliness Overview

Affection level Medium to high
Family-friendly High
Kid-friendly Medium to high
Pet-friendly Low to medium
Stranger-friendly Medium to high

Adaptability Overview

Good for apartment living Low to medium
Good to new owners Low
Sensitivity level Medium to high
Tolerates being alone Low
Cold-tolerance Low to medium
Heat-tolerance Medium

Female Rottweiler Temperament

Rottweilers are calm, bold, and courageous dogs with some aloofness that keeps them away from immediate and random friendships. A Rottweiler is self-confident and reacts quietly with a wait-and-see attitude to the situations in her environment. Rotties have a passion for protecting their home and family once they bond. 

Female Rottweilers are lovable pets, less active, more solitary, and loyal to only one family member, while the male counterparts are athletic, agile, and vigilant of their environment. They are brilliant dogs with extreme hardness, flexibility, and a solid enthusiasm to work, making them well suited as a guardian, companion, and general all-purpose dog. Male and female Rottweilers’ smartness will demand a firm trainer to guide them as they are prone to aggression. However, they are suitable for owners who breed dogs for training and discipline.

Female Rottweilers may have mood swings, making it challenging for novice owners. Still, she will want you when she requires love and let you know when she feels satiated. They act as adult dogs around two years, roughly half the male Rottweilers’ age. They show aggression and nervousness with other animals, typically with males. 

Female Rottweilers are puppies who are very vigilant about their surroundings. They are cautious of their bodies too. When they get dirty, they wash their bodies on their own. This is an attribute especially seen in female Rottweilers. 

Female Rottweiler Training

Although female and male Rottweilers are receptive to training and socialization, the owners must exercise patience and be consistent while training to make the session a successful one. These dogs can be overprotective without proper training. Female Rottweilers are more attentive and mature early than males, making them train easier. 

Training sessions can be more manageable with Rottweilers’s brilliance and loyalty. Female Rottweilers are submissive, and thus they will follow your commands. They are more defensive and aggressive owing to their motherly instincts. Aggressiveness usually comes when they meet other dogs of the same sex. A well-socialized female Rottweiler will be a well-mannered dog in people’s eyes. Early training and socialization are essential for these dogs. Socialization must include exposing them to different people, situations, sounds, and sights. Taking them to parks, shops, hikes and making them interact with other dogs are some ways of socializing your female Rotties. 

Trainability Overview 

Easy to train High
Intelligence High
Mouthiness tendencies Medium
Barking and Howling tendencies Medium to high
Prey drive Medium to high
Wanderlust tendencies Low to medium

Female Rottweiler Exercise Needs

Moderately active female Rottweilers enjoy a couple of 10-to-20-minute walks each day. They like playing with balls, going on hikes, swimming, walking, and trotting, especially with their lovable. More energetic female Rotties may need longer exercise sessions and more structured activities. Their intelligence, athleticism, and trainability make them well suited to agility and obedience competition, tracking, therapy work, and their traditional duty, pulling a cart or wagon.

Exercise Needs Overview 

Energy level Medium to high
Exercise needs Medium to high
Intensity Medium to high
Playfulness High

Female Rottweiler Grooming

Rottweiler has a straight, coarse, medium-length outer coat that lies flat and colored black with tan to mahogany markings. The undercoat lies on the neck and thighs. Rotties should be brushed every week with bristle brushes to remove the dead hair, and regular baths are mandatory. She sheds moderately for most of the year, although she will shed more extensively twice a year, usually during spring and fall. Brush your Rottweiler’s teeth 2-3 times a week to remove tartar and bacteria, and trim her nails every week. Daily brushing is even more effective in preventing gum diseases and bad breath.

Grooming Overview

Amount of Shedding                  Medium to High
Tendency to DroolMedium
Easy to GroomHigh

Female Rottweiler Health

Rottweilers are usually prone to several diseases that pet parents should know. Your best chance at avoiding Rottweiler’s health issues is to purchase a pup from an ethical, authorized breeder who has papers to show that the dogs are free of genetic disease. If you prefer to adopt, get as much medical history as the rescue organization can provide. Rottweilers generally will live up to 7 to 12 years. 

Females are susceptible to hip and elbow dysplasia, heart disease, eye disorder, and cancer. However, there are a few health differences between the female and male Rottweilers. Female Rottweilers are prone to health issues if not spayed. This is because they will undergo heat cycles. It is recommended to spaying females to avoid unwanted conception and their general health if you do not intend to breed. Some health issues that female Rottweilers are susceptible to are listed below:

Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is an abnormality of the hip joint where the socket portion does not entirely fit the ball portion, resulting in an ascending risk for joint dislocation. Hip dysplasia may occur at birth or in early life. As the dog ages, arthritis can develop. Some dogs exhibit discomfort and lameness on one or both rear legs. The Orthopedic Foundation or the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program does x-ray screening for hip dysplasia in animals. Dogs who suffer from hip dysplasia should not be bred.

Elbow Dysplasia: This disorder occurs when the elbow joint bones don’t fit appropriately. This condition generates abnormal pressure at the joint, leading to chronic rubbing and painful osteoarthritis. 


  • Mild to moderate pain  
  • Lameness in the forelimbs 

Aortic Stenosis: Aortic stenosis is a hereditary condition where the aorta, the main artery that carries blood to the rest of the body from the heart, is too thin. Aortic stenosis can cause a heart murmur, dizziness, and difficulty breathing. Affected dogs aren’t allowed to breed. Mild to severe cases of aortic stenosis are treated with medication and, if required, surgery is done. 

Cancer: Female Rottweilers are prone to cancer as they grow older. Cancer can be cured by surgical removal of tumors and chemotherapy. It is essential not to ignore the symptoms and diagnose them earlier.

Entropion: Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid rolls inward, irritating the eyeball from eyelashes rubbing on the surface. In critical cases, entropion can cause a corneal ulcer. The treatment for this disease is surgical.

Ectropion: Ectropion is when the eyelid rolls outward, causing irritation, dryness, and damage to the eyeball and conjunctiva (the tissues surrounding the eye). The treatment for this disease is surgical.

Obesity is a significant health condition in Rottweilers. Excess weight can cause joint problems, back pain, digestive disorders, and heart disease. A healthy diet and regular exercise are the best ways to prevent this lifestyle disease.

Spay or Neuter: In spay, the ovaries or uterus in females is removed, and in the neuter, the testicles of the male dogs are removed. It is done to eliminate the possibility of pregnancy or fathering unwanted puppies and decrease the likelihood of certain types of cancer.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Problems: In Rottweilers, the knee’s Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is known to tear and cause severe hindlimb lameness. The precise cause of this disease is unknown, but genetics, conformation, ligament laxity, and obesity are believed to play a role. A torn ACL creates uncertainty and activates the joint to early-onset osteoarthritis, pain, and movement loss. Surgical treatment is available and recommended at the early stages of the disease to avoid the development of osteoarthritis.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy: Many eye infections involve the retina’s slow deterioration. In the initial phases, puppies become night-blind. As it progresses, they lose their eyesight during the daytime as well. However, most canines slowly adapt to their slight or complete sight loss as long as their home surroundings remain the same.

Cardiomyopathy is caused due to the improper conduction of blood to the heart, causing a sudden rise in heart rate. Sadly, no symptoms might result in normal fainting to unexpected deaths.

Ovarian Cysts: Ovarian cysts are nothing but fluid-filled sacs in or on the surface of the ovary. With regular pelvic examinations, this can be diagnosed. Generally, they show no symptoms, but some notable signs found commonly are:

  • Lower abdomen or pelvic pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Mammary Cancer:  A mammary tumor is a single solid mass of cells or multiple lumps in any female dog’s mammary gland near the nipples. With regular examination and treatment, you can treat this.

Estrus, also termed heat cycle, is a health condition that your female Rottweiler will undergo twice annually. The process begins around one year of age and lasts for 21 days. During this time, the female Rottweiler will have a bloody discharge, and you would need a dog’s diaper to help her. During this time, keep the male dogs away from her.

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Health Overview

Overall healthLow to medium
Weight gain tendenciesHigh

Female Rottweiler Diet and Nutrition

With your veterinarian’s guidance and approval, female Rottweilers should do well on high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or homemade. Any diet should be a fit for the dog’s age. Some dogs are prone to obesity, so watch your pet’s calorie consumption and weight level. Dog treats can be essential in training, but giving too many can cause weight gain. Proper knowledge about which human foods are safe for dogs is necessary. Check with your veterinarian if you have any issues with your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available for your dog at all times.

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Female Rottweiler Living Conditions

Female Rottweilers will be territorial and will accept strangers only when socialized. However, they are protective and cautious around children making them well suited for families with children or infants.

Adding a Female Rottweiler to Your Family

Adding a female Rottweiler to your family brings in these things along:

  • Long life span
  • Hold a unique, fierce, and protective quality
  • Extremely protective in public places
  • Not messy
  • Matures quickly
  • Loyal to one particular family member
  • Highly territorial about their surroundings and belongings

Things to Remember Before Breeding a Female Rottweiler

You should always wait at least two years before breeding your female Rottweiler. Females reach full sexual maturity at sixteen months. Also, avoid breeding them after eight years as this can cause strain on their bodies and even result in congenital disabilities due to their egg health.

Cost of a Female Rottweiler Puppy 

On average, a female Rottweiler puppy costs about $800 to $2300.

Female Rottweiler Puppies
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Female Rottweiler Images

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