Can Dogs Eat Brussel Sprouts? Everything You Need to Know

Yes, dogs can eat Brussel sprouts in moderation. They are filled with fiber, antioxidants, Vitamin A, C, K, B1, B6, potassium, magnesium, and folate. These help in preventing inflammation, improves blood circulation, and keeps the bone healthy. In addition, it helps in boosting the immune system. 

What are Brussel Sprouts? 

Brussels sprouts are a type of cruciferous vegetable. Their nutritional benefits are similar to those of other powerful superfoods, like broccoli and kale. 

Is Brussel Sprout Safe for Dogs? 

Yes, Brussel sprouts are safe for dogs in moderation. It provides numerous health benefits to dogs. However, you must ensure that your dog is getting dog-friendly Brussel sprouts. The things you must avoid are: 

  • Raw Brussel sprouts: Dogs cannot digest raw Brussel sprouts, as they might stick to the throat and create discomfort. Even if your dog succeeds in swallowing it, he will face intestinal issues.  
  • The stem of Brussel sprouts: The stem of Brussel sprout is hard and should not be eaten by dogs. The stem may choke your dog; hence it is best to avoid Brussel sprout stem.  
  • Seasoned Brussel sprouts: You should not offer fried, roasted, seasoned Brussel sprouts to your dog, as these preparations are toxic for them to consume.  

Why is Brussel Sprout Good for Dogs? 

Brussel sprouts are packed with nutrients. It helps in boosting your dog’s immune system keeping his overall gut health. Let us check out the nutritional benefits it provides to your dog: 


Brussel Sprouts are filled with vitamins, which includes: 

  • Vitamin A: Vitamin A is necessary for good eyesight, a healthy neurological system, and the appropriate functioning of the heart, lungs, and other organs in dogs. 
  • Vitamin B: Vitamins B1 and B6 are found in Brussels sprouts. The B vitamin family helps to maintain healthy blood circulation and heart function. 
  • Vitamin C and K: Vitamin C and K help keep the bone healthy and aids the immune system.  
  • Vitamin E: Vitamin E is an antioxidant that defends cells from free radical damage caused by the conversion of food to energy in the dog’s body. 


Brussel Sprouts are packed with minerals, which includes: 

  • Magnesium: Manganese aids in the digestion of protein and amino acids in dogs. 
  • Potassium: Potassium is required for the proper functioning of muscles, enzymes, and nerves in dogs. It also ensures that your dog’s fluid balance is maintained. 


It is an antioxidant that helps reduce the scopes of inflammation and helps prevent oxidative damage in a dog’s body.  

Dietary Fiber 

Brussel sprouts are high in fiber, which is essential for colon health.  

Low in Calorie 

If you’re looking for a low-calorie treat, the Brussels sprout is a fantastic choice. With a mouthful of the green vegetable, your dog will not gain weight! 


The presence of sulforaphane in Brussel sprouts helps to prevent cancer in dogs.  

Beta Carotene 

The presence of beta Carotene keeps eye-healthy in dogs.  

Why Is Brussel Sprout Bad for Dogs? 

Although Brussel Sprouts are nutritious for dogs, it still has its downsides. You must always keep a check on the downsides of the foods you are feeding your dog with.  

Fiber: Even though fiber is necessary for your dog, excess fiber can be harmful too. Too much fiber consumption can lead to: 

  • Diarrhea 
  • Gas 
  • Gastrointestinal issue 

Isothiocyanate: Brussels sprouts have high isothiocyanate levels, which helps the intestines get rid of the food that has been absorbed. This substance then triggers an excess gas production, leading t: 

  • Diarrhea 
  • Vomiting 
  • Gas
  • Gastrointestinal issues 
  • Abdomen pain 

How Much Brussel Sprouts to Feed Your Dog? 

You can feed a moderate amount of Brussel sprouts to your dog. However, do not make it his staple kibble, as it will have an adverse effect. Instead, you can boil it and serve it to your dog once a week.  

Your dog’s size also affects how much Brussels sprouts they should eat. For small dogs, a maximum serving must not exceed 3 Brussel sprouts. 

How to Serve Brussel Sprouts to My Dog? 

As a general rule of thumb, serve your pet fresh, green Brussels sprouts. Avoid feeding wilted, brown leaves and old, dried, or rotten vegetables. Before serving Brussel Sprout to your dog, wash the sprouts well. Then, they should be boiled in water for about 10 minutes or microwaved for about 10 minutes. Then, you can serve your dog these delicious steamed Brussel Sprouts. Ensure not to overcook the vegetable lest it will lose the nutrients.

What If My Dog Ate Brussel Sprouts? 

If your dog consumes excessive Brussel Sprout accidentally, he will indicate symptoms like diarrhea, vomiting, gas, abdominal pain, and flatulence. Call your vet for medication. You do not need to panic, as he will be fine within a day or three.  

Frequently Asked Questions 

Can puppies eat Brussel Sprouts?

No, puppies cannot eat Brussel Sprouts due to the presence of Isothiocyanate. As a result, it becomes difficult for them to digest, which causes diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and gas.  

Can dogs eat cooked Brussel Sprouts?

Yes, dogs can eat cooked Brussel Sprouts. However, if you provide them cooked Brussel Sprouts, they must be steamed. 

Can dogs eat Brussel Sprout stalks?

No, dogs cannot eat Brussel Sprout stalks. They are hard to digest and may cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, gastrointestinal issues.  

Can dogs eat Brussel Sprout leaves? 

Yes, Brussel Sprout leaves are safe for your dog in moderation. However, remember to wash them well before steaming them to serve your dog.  


Wrapping the reading, we can well understand that Brussel Sprouts are healthy for your dog. It aids the immune system, improves optical health, and supports the digestive system. However, moderation is the key to keeping your dog healthy. Do not make Brussel sprout your dog’s staple food. This will lead to various gastrointestinal issues. You must always consult a doctor before introducing human food to your dog.

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