Calupoh Dog, also known as Mexican Wolf Dog, is a cross between a Mexican gray wolf and a dog. These canines are native to Mexico and considered sacred to the Aztecs. In 1999, the Calupoh Dog got recognition from the Mexican Canola Federation as the third dog breed among Mexican dogs, next to Xoloitzcuintle and Chihuahua. This dog breed is somewhat similar to the larger dog breeds like Huskies and German Shepherds. The gray wolves and dogs were intentionally crossbred for centuries by the native Mexicans to acquire puppies with both species’ features.
Calupoh is a result of the genetic project created to make a historical and cultural rescue of this dog breed. The wolf symbolized collaboration and vigor, while the dogs stood for agriculture and potency. According to the breed standards, the color of the Calupoh Dog should be black. Some genetic defects are – pink eyelids and lips. It was regarded as a status symbol if you owned a Calupoh Dog.
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Calupoh Dog Pros and Cons
|Affectionate family companions||Needs high exercise needs|
|Guarding dog||Wary of strangers|
|A healthy dog with fewer health issues||Socialization and training are mandatory|
Calupoh Dog Basic Information
- Name: Calupoh Dog
- Height: 23 – 30 inches
- Weight: 60 – 120 pounds
- Coat: Double, weather resistant, smooth and medium length
- Color: Black (desirable); brown, white/sable, gray
- Energy: High
- Activities: Working
- Group: Mixed breed (Foundation stock)
- Barking Level: Medium to high
- Shedding Level: Medium to high
- Hypoallergenic: No
- Litter Size: 4 – 7 puppies
- Life Span: 12 – 18 years
- Other names: Mexican Wolf Dog, Perro Lobo Mexicano, Mexican Black Wolfdog
- Breed recognition: Federación Canófila Mexicana (The Mexican Canola Federation)
Mexican Gray Wolf Vs. A Dog – A Comparison
|Features||Mexican Gray Wolf||Xolo (Dog)|
|Height||26-32 inches||15 – 17 inches|
|Weight||50 – 80 pounds||10 to 30 pounds|
|Complication in Breeding||Yes||No|
|Litter Size||4 to 7 puppies||4 to 5 puppies|
|Life Span||6 – 8 years||10 – 12 years|
Calupoh Dog Personality
Calupoh Dogs are large, strong, and agile dogs with nimble feet. Although it is difficult to reckon the appearance of a mixed breed, given below are some approximate descriptions of the physical appearance of this dog.
Head: The head of a fully grown Calupoh Dog is proportionate and broader than his muzzle. In puppies, the head appears a little narrower and elongated. His ears are erect and triangular, eyes are impressive yellow, almond-shaped, and as expressive as a wolf, nose is black, and lips are darker. The jaws and dentition are well arranged with scissor bites and can also have pincer bites. His neck is strong and well defined, with a mane that grows when he reaches maturity.
Body: Calupoh Dog bears a dynamic body that resembles the equilibrium and strength of a wolf. His topline is proportionate. His withers are more elevated than the rest of his back. A sturdy rump – a little rounded with a tail that is otherwise carried at the back. The coat of Calupoh is a dense, rough, double coat that is medium in length and weather resistant. As per the breed standard, it should be black. White spots on the chest and feet and brown paws are allowed.
Forequarters and Hindquarters: Calupoh Dog has well-built shoulders that give him an elegant gait. The sturdy forequarters help him to move freely. A well-developed hindquarter holds the dog’s weight and provides a firm movement. The long legs from his wolf lineage give him the strength to prowl.
The following features are considered faults:
- Cows’ hocks or crooked limbs
- Non-typical coats
- Lack of pigmentation in the lips
- Pink-colored lips or eyelids (Severe faults)
- Cryptorchidism (Severe faults)
- Missing teeth (Severe faults)
- Aggressive or timid canines (Disqualifying faults)
- A different eye color (Disqualifying faults)
|Affection level||Medium to high|
|Kid-friendly||Low to medium|
|Good for apartment living||Low to medium|
|Good to new owners||Low|
|Tolerates being alone||Low|
Calupoh Dog Temperament
With a blend of two unique breeds, a Mexican wolf and a dog, it is difficult to define the temperament of a Calupoh Dog. However, an estimated description of his disposition is given below. Calupoh Dogs are known for their:
- Territorial instincts
- Guarding nature
Apart from the above qualities, the Calupoh Dog will coexist with other pets and be a happy people pleaser. They have also been used as sheepdogs, cattle dogs, and companion dogs in Mexico. However, he is wary of strangers and so makes great guard dogs. They are not great barkers. However, they will bark sufficiently enough to alert you. This dog is not ideal for novice owners.
Calupoh Dog Training
Like any other dogs, you should train and socialize Calupoh Dogs as early as possible. Thanks to their wolf genes, they are good with other pets. They are playful and will keep you engaged. However, they are not friendly with strangers, so early socialization is mandatory to learn to be friendly wherever and whenever necessary.
A well-trained dog will have all the positive qualities you expect in him as a pet parent. However, with no formal training and given his size, expect Calupoh Dog to be challenging to handle. Thus, his training must include the following:
- Leash training
- Crate training
- Potty training
- Early Socialization
- Obedience training
- Firm and Consistent Training
- Positive Training Method
A Calupoh Dog will be a rewarding canine if you devotedly include the above methods in his training as early as possible. If you do not have enough experience, it is better to approach a professional trainer and learn the tricks to handle and train this dog. He can be a challenge for inexperienced pet owners.
|Easy to train||Low to medium|
|Mouthiness tendencies||Low to medium|
|Barking and Howling tendencies||Medium to high|
|Wanderlust tendencies||Medium to high|
Calupoh Dog Exercise Needs
Calupoh Dog’s inherent energy and strength will make him the happiest canine to do any tasks. 3-4 hours of exercise every day can keep him healthy. Calupoh Dogs were precisely bred for herding and working purposes; hence they can endure long walks, running miles, jogs, hikes, fun play like catching the ball, fetching frisbee, and agility. Thus, active dogs such as Calupoh will need:
- Exercise everyday
- A house with a large area to play or a strongly fenced backyard
If you live in an apartment, ensure that you take him outdoors to exert his energy.
Exercise Needs Overview
|Exercise needs||Medium to high|
Calupoh Dog Grooming
Calupoh Dogs will need minimum grooming requirements owing to their thick, medium-length, rough textured double coats that are weather resistant. Thus this dog will shed during the spring and fall seasons. Nevertheless, you must brush him regularly. Chances of matting are relatively moderate in these dogs. It is enough to bathe him whenever he is dirty with a mild bath shampoo for dogs. Remember that excessive bathing can remove the natural oils from your canine’s skin.
Along with the above grooming routines, ensure you examine your dog’s feet for any injury like tearing nails, cuts, or cracks on footpads owing to Calupoh Dog’s hyperactive nature. Also, you must take extra precautions if allergic to dogs, as they are not hypoallergenic breeds. As far as drooling is concerned, they may drool a little.
|Easy to groom||Medium to high|
|Drooling tendency||Low to medium|
|Amount of shedding||Medium to high|
Calupoh Dog Health
Calupoh Dogs are relatively healthy breeds. However, like any other mixed breed, they are prone to health issues stemming from their lineage. Thus, to keep them healthy, it is vital to take your dog to the veterinarian for regular health checkups and ensure that he is updated with vaccinations. The lifespan of a Calupoh Dog is 12 – 18 years. The only illness that a Calupoh Dog is susceptible to is Hip Dysplasia.
Hip Dysplasia: A disorder that affects canines in their growing phase. It leads the hip joint to relax, resulting in discomfort and dysfunction. In addition, the cartilage and bones in the dog’s hip start to wear away as he develops. This leads to arthritis, muscular atrophy, and decreased mobility over time.
Heartworm Disease is a severe and deadly disease in pets caused by foot-long parasitic roundworms (heartworms). These worms live and multiply, affecting the heart, lungs, and the related blood vessels, leading to heart failure, lung disease, and organ damage.
Infections: Canines are prone to bacterial and viral diseases such as rabies, parvo, and distemper. You can prevent viral infection by vaccinating based on the dog’s age.
Cancer: Calupoh dog has a higher life expectancy than the other breed. Still, they are prone to cancer as they grow older. Cancer can be cured by surgical removal of tumors and chemotherapy. However, it is essential not to ignore the symptoms and diagnose them earlier.
|Weight gain tendencies||Low|
Calupoh Dog Diet and Nutrition
Calupoh Dogs are high-energy dogs. Therefore, they would require a diet rich in protein. Several commercial kibbles are high in proteins, but consider supplementing the kibbles with rich quality lean meat and canned dog food. Depending on his size, age, weight, and activities, consult your veterinarian and feed him the amount of food he will need. You can divide his meal time into two or three as per his vet’s suggestions.
Calupoh Dog Living Condition
Calupoh dogs are preferred for rescues, and owning them is legal. They are highly resistant to their surroundings and are adaptable. Also, Calupoh dogs are friendly with humans and other pets. They are ready to please their owners and choose to stay away from strangers. They will require the following living conditions to lead a happy and healthy life.
- A fenced yard or an ample space to run around.
- A family that dedicates time.
- A climate that is not too cold.
- If you live in an apartment, you must ensure that you provide time for his physical exertion.
- Experienced pet owners.
- A devoted pet owner who spends on grooming and dietary requirements.
Adding a Calupoh Dog
Things to Remember Before Adding a Calupoh Dog
Adding Calupoh Dogs to your family will need proper research about their parent breeds, cost, breeders, health, and certificates. Then, purchase your Calupoh Dog from a reputable breeder who will provide you with vaccination and gene testing certificates. Also, ensure the health of the puppy’s parent breeds.
Cost of a Calupoh Dog Puppy
The cost of a Calupoh Dog Puppy is around $700.
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